The local populations offer the main threat to this ecoregion through their grazing and herding activities. in Addis Ababa. For example, pastoralists are not allowed to cut trees, which are considered to be of very high value, but instead feed their livestock on other available resources such as bush and grass. Overview of the composition of three sheets of the agroecological map of Ethiopia.....15 Figure 6. Livestock Research for Rural Development. The country has a wide range of agro-ecological zones reflecting the wide variation in rainfall (both quantity and distribution) temperature, altitude, topography and soils. For example, crop and animal diversity reduces the risk of failure in the face of climate change. Agroecology (a-grō-ē-ˈkä-lə-jē) is an applied science that studies ecological processes applied to agricultural production systems. : Soil Conservation Research Programme (SCRP ... Country:ET. Major Agro-ecological Zones of Ethiopia. %%EOF ?q��c��[a��e���".��D�i5�&jf By Andrew Mwaniki on April 25 2017 in Environment. Six traditional or 33 elaborated agro-ecological zones exist in Ethiopia 3. It is bounded by Sudan to the west, Eritrea to the north and Kenya to the south. In Ethiopia, coffee originated in Keffa Zone, also in the SNNP region. has been cited by the following article: Article. Map 1 shows Ethiopia with its administrative regions and zones. endstream endobj 357 0 obj <> endobj 358 0 obj <>/Rotate 90/StructParents 0/Type/Page>> endobj 359 0 obj <>stream It is bounded by Sudan to the west, Eritrea to the north and Kenya to the south. An Agro-ecological Zone is a land resource mapping unit, defined in terms of climate, landform and soils, and/or land cover, and having a specific range of potentials and constraints for land use. Vol. Classifications Library of Congress S473.E8 A43 2000 The Physical Object Pagination iii, 129 p. ; … Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The main threat is posed by human activities in the form of pastoral grazing, coffee and tea plantations and timber extraction. 356 0 obj <> endobj Crops can be grouped into high and low external inputs 5. Jun 10, 2019 - This Pin was discovered by Christopher Tribe. According to the study made by Getahun (1978) and Constable (1985), three broad major agro-ecological zones are identified on the highland zones of Ethiopia (Table 1). Net revenue was … The subsistence farming and high population density of 100-400 people per square kilometer have made this ecosystem to be in a critical conservation status. It is landlocked. It is the most arable land in Ethiopia and hence very populated. Agro-Ecological Belts. Ethiopia is twice the size of France and shares borders with Djibouti, Eritrea, Kenya, Somalia and Sudan. Different and the same crops grow in these agro-ecologies (not specific) 4. 1385-1399. Ethiopia. 23, No. "March, 1998." Genre Maps. Agro ecological zones (AEZs) have greatest influence on crop growth due to variabilities of weather and soil conditions (FAO, 1978). This ecoregion covers two of the major Ethiopian mountain massifs (Eastern and Western) and separated partly by the Great Rift Valley. Agro ecological zones of Ethiopia This edition published in 2000 by The Dept. ���:�X�A��x�k�е���� This study, therefore, seeks to analyze the determinants of choices of adaptation strate-gies to climate change by sheep and goat farmers in the Southern and Central Tigray Zones, North Ethiopia. Create a map using this layer. (FAO 1996).The essential elements in defining an agro-ecological zone are the growing period, temperature regime and soil mapping unit. Nonparametric Sen’s slope estimator and Mann–Kendall’s trend tests are used to detect the magnitude and statistical significance of changes in … This forest ecosystem is also distinguished by the growing epiphytes such as Canarina, Orchids and fern plants. sndegr:14 13 12 11 10 09 08. wedegr:43 42 41 40 39 38 37 36 35. Edition Notes Includes bibliographical references (p. 129). In lower right corner, "Prepared by the NRMRD, MoA. M�V��)�>s�P$3Q3s�̙3fB �[[� C[��9P��!$�6��$*x�4s���� t� �L��,Nʿ��ȱ,W��[d�����e�-�Ҝ�+���������'@� Qt7 Waterways (2.8m zip file). These ecoregions face a major threat from human interference in form of agriculture, poaching, and human encroachment. Bibliographic information. The indices are applied to daily temperature and precipitation data. Comparative reproductive performance evaluation of Holstein Friesian cattle breeds in two different agro ecological conditions, Oromia region, Ethiopia Volume 58 Destaw Worku (a1) , Kefyalew Alemayehu (a2) and Mussie H/Melekote (a2) Of the 18 agro-ecological zones, 11 agro-ecological zones, representing more than 74% of the country, were selected and total of 1000 farmers from 50 districts were interviewed. Bringing ecological principles to bear can suggest new management approaches in agroecosystems.The term is often used imprecisely, as the term can be used as a science, a movement, or an agricultural practice. IIASA/FAO, 2010. Points of Interest (110k zip file). MoARD (Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development).1998-2011. Natural Features (700k zip file). The tall elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum) is also common in this wooded savanna ecosystem. ) This ecosystem is an important source of timber, non-forest timber products, fuelwood, household materials, pasture and agricultural use. Information on agro-ecological distribution of crops is important in controlling and regulating the distribution of external inputs 6. the habitat has been greatly affected by human activities such as agriculture, fire, charcoal burning, and wood clearance. Studies of agro-ecological based watershed–specific LULC changes are vital for better land use planning and land resource management to control land degradation. 372 0 obj <>stream Language English ... Maps using this layer. This savanna ecosystem is still intact in terms of original woodland habitats in comparison to the West Sudanian savanna which is very much affected and degraded. Ethiopia is divided into 9 ethnic based regions plus the capital, Addis Ababa and the city administration of Dire Dawa. The forest is stratified into four different layers known as the upper canopy, sub-canopy, shrub layer and the ground layer. Ethiopia has extremely variable agro-climatic conditions and major ecological systems that are suitable for diverse genetic resources. It borders Djibouti and Somalia to the east. Source. Agro-ecological mapping of livestock systems in smallholder crop-livestock mixed farming of Wolaita and Dawuro districts, Southern Ethiopia. Description of the study area. h�b```"[f�7B cB� �!�!�.%���`vḂ�″���,썌 =,����c^�;�'x���h���M0�`�ϼ��[7V݃&�=b �� >�| �I�ᤃ� 51. Roads (11.6m zip file). All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands, Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests, Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands, Ethiopian xeric grasslands and shrublands, Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets, Somali Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets. The local communities and pastoralists come up with regulations aimed at efficient and sustainable use of resources. of each adaptation method used by each farmer located at each agro-ecological zone. The montane forest ecosystem is made up of high forests of the country mainly found in the southwest forest areas and the humid forest of the southeastern plateau (Herrena forest).These forests are the wettest and most humid. This layer is not currently used in any maps. In the agro-ecological zones, small-scale subsistence farming is widely practiced in the highlands and livestock keeping in the lowlands. This map was compiled from the following main sources imagery interpretation of 71 frames of landsat sattelite imagery (mainly covering the period 1973 to 1976) , field traverses, existing publications, reports and maps concerning Ethiopia, and agro-climatic information generated by the “Assistance to Land use Planning project” ETH/78/003. This Region has agro-ecological, agricultural, and socio-cultural similarities with Sidama Region. As a result, intact vegetation is fragmented and far spaced in the woodland/grass complex. New-ID: NBI16 Agro-ecological zones datasets is made up of AEZBLL08, AEZBLL09, AEZBLL10. Ethiopia’s elevation ranges from 110m below sea level to over 5,000m above sea level and it has more than 30 agro-ecological zones, making it one of the world’s biodiversity hotspots. Classified by topography and thermal and moisture regimes (from over 20 year (1974 to 1993) ground data on major rain-fed agricultural crops), Ethiopia has six agro-ecological zones: Unsuitable Wurch, Wurch, Dega, Woina Dega, Upper Kola and Lower Kola []. Ethiopia > Maps. However, along the Blue Nile River and its affluent valleys lies the warmer Kolla belt. Download Free Ethiopia ArcGIS Shapefile Map Layers--Free GIS Maps & ArcGIS Shapefiles--Download Free World ArcGIS ShapefilesBuildings (1.5m zip file). The agro-ecological belt maps of Ethiopia shows that most of Bahar Dar area is part of the Dega Weyna belt. ��w����C�_�?��v=��:�����C�� B���lk�h�r�k}\�G|�-�fSso��7>�3f�`��r{/B;�o��p�Oh�0�G�;|���|Շz�Nn��ߟ/�`H�����z�6W�,p����R�4�j�����ev�)t��/�k���2?E�|�7l��l~2yq�m�b^��t�wc���A�j����a ��x5����1l>�y�q����q;v=�����. Discover (and save!) I was here with the Movement for Ecological Learning and Community Action Ethiopia (MELCA) to carry out a participatory mapping of the Nono Sele Wereda to explore what kinds of agroecological projects could take place here. Each layer is occupied by different characteristic species such as emergent trees of Pouteria adolfi–friederici and Afrocarpus falcatus in the upper canopy. This ecosystem is found in low altitudes of between 200m and 1000m which is topographically flat. 2005. ... Map of the study area. It is biologically rich and has endemic species such as Walia ibex (Capra walie) and the endangered mountain nyala (Tragelaphus buxtoni). Global Agro-ecological Zones (GAEZ v3.0). Prior to my arrival, a group of researchers from METU University conducted a study on the socioeconomic characteristics, wildlife and flora of the forest. The three villages in this study are situated directly within the agro-ecological landscape and the vast majority (>90%) of the population of each village lives in households engaged in subsistence agriculture of mixed crop and livestock farming systems. It borders Djibouti and Somalia to the east. Agro ecological Zones of Ethiopia, Natural Resource Management and Regulatory Department, Addis Ababa. Publisher: Addis Abeba. Gebrehiwot B and Maryo M 2015, ‘Evaluation of land use patterns across agro-ecological and slope classes using gis and remote sensing: The Case of Gedeo Zone, Southern Ethiopia’, International Journal of Advanced Remote Sensing and GIS, vol. The ecoregions of Ethiopia are widely used for extensive grazing systems. Forestry, Land Use and Soil Conservation Department. Agricultural ecology > Ethiopia > Maps. Ethiopia is a landlocked country in the horn of Africa. As coffee is a commercial crop, it became one of the best sources of foreign currency and the people in Sidama became very interested in large scale coffee production. Zerihun Woldu (1999): Vegetation map of Ethiopia. h�bbd``b`�Y@�q3�`��� �P ��H�?g`bd�R�����ϐ� � ^�� Figure 5. Biogas Production Using Geomembrane Plastic Digesters as Alternative Rural Energy Source and Soil Fertility Management. The study area lies between 8°00’ to 10°00’ N and 36°00’ to 37°50’E and the elevation range from 1200 m to 3200 m (Figure 1).The east Wollega zone stratified into three agro ecological zones based on agroclimatic conditions namely: low land 56.4% (1200-1799 m), mid land 28.2% (1800 -2450 m), and high land 15.4% (2460-3178 m) []. 364 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<6517715473D5C64AA22F37E5A4D386DC>]/Index[356 17]/Info 355 0 R/Length 59/Prev 869045/Root 357 0 R/Size 373/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria and FAO, Rome, Italy. The Mann Kendall test and Sen’s slope estimator were used to examine the trends and slope of changes in climate indices. Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) 2000. Importantly affected by altitude, Ethiopia’s climate is mainly of the tropical monsoon type with wide topography-induced variation. factors to analyze the impact of climate change on Ethiopian agriculture. MoARD (Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development). Such information provides the basis for advanced applications such as land degradation assessment, livestock productivity modelling, population support capacity assessment and land-use optimization modelling. Also, the results of LULC change analyses are important tools for decision-makers, land planners, and local communities to formulate appropriate land management policies and strategies ( Desalegn et al., 2014 ; Kamusoko … 4, no .1, pp. It is a landlocked country, with a total land mass of 1.1 million km2. �{�e;? Here are the major ecological regions of Ethiopia. Railways (50k zip file). Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Ethiopia is a landlocked country in the horn of Africa. Landuse (1.1m zip file). Legend Data provider: David Lubin Memorial Library, Food and Agriculture Organization of the U. N. The FAO Library provides access to its bibliographic resources through the FAO Library Discovery interface, using the EBSCO discovery tool technology. Global Agro-ecological Zones I I A S A International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis GAEZ ver 3.0 Global Agro-ecological Zones Model Documentation D o c u m e n t a t i o n Outputs of core applications include maps showing agro-ecological zones and land suitability, and quantitative estimates on potential crop areas, yields and production. hޔT�n�8��Ő/Pȥ��ۅ�6E�m��%�$�I��C:I�n��>���\G�� Other ecological systems include Sahelian Acacia savanna, Victoria Basin forest-savanna mosaic, Ethiopian xeric grasslands and shrublands and Ethiopian montane moorlands. Northern Sheet. 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