[20], In 1501, Manuel I of Portugal commissioned an expedition to investigate a landmass encountered unexpectedly by Pedro Álvares Cabral on his voyage to India. Any land that lay to the east of the line could be claimed by Portugal. Their objective in Paris was to obtain French support for Florence's war with Naples. The first certainly … The evidence relies almost entirely on a handful of letters attributed to him. The name for the Americas is derived from his given name. On 17 August 1501 they reached Brazil at a latitude of about 6° south. [45] In 1839, Alexander von Humboldt after careful consideration asserted the 1497 voyage was impossible but accepted the two Portuguese-sponsored voyages. He used the name America on the map in 1507. [3] The family resided in the District of Santa Lucia d'Ognissanti along with other families of the Vespucci clan. Amerigo Vespucci, finally, is a rather embarrassing namesake, who, though a hero to some, is a villain to many, denounced as a charlatan or a fraud, a cuckoo who nested in Columbus’s rightful glory. America Named After Amerigo . The name for the Americas is derived from his given name. His parents were able to provide him with a good education and were friends with Italy's ruling family, the Medici. Amerigo Vespucci. The remainder of the voyage is disputed, but Vespucci claimed to have continued southward, and he may have sighted (January 1502) Guanabara Bay (Rio de Janeiro’s bay) and sailed as far as the Río de la Plata, making Vespucci the first European to discover that estuary (Juan Díaz de Solís arrived there in 1516). Vespucci was employed by the Florentine Medici family as a representative for their operations in Seville, Spain. What did Ernest Giles cross in 1875? Vespucci thought he had sailed along the coast of the extreme easterly peninsula of Asia, where Ptolemy, the geographer, believed the market of Cattigara to be; so he looked for the tip of this peninsula, calling it Cape Cattigara. Aside from this, it is his name that the naming of “America”was coined. On the contrary, the king was likely interested in learning about the possibility of a western passage to India. In the voyage of 1499–1500 Vespucci would seem to have left Ojeda after reaching the coast of what is now Guyana. [7][8], Vespucci was the executor of Berardi's will, collecting debts and paying outstanding obligations for the firm. Martin Waldseemuller was the man who printed the first map of the New World. Amerigo Vespucci was educated by his uncle, Fra Giorgio Antonio Vespucci, a Dominican friar of the monastery of San Marco in … Although Amerigo was ten years older, they had been schoolmates under the tutelage of Giorgio Antonio Vespucci. He was also charged with compiling a "model map" based on input from pilots who were obligated to share what they learned after each voyage. Turning south, he is believed to have discovered the mouth of the Amazon River and to have gone as far as Cape St. Augustine (latitude about 6° S). Naturalized Castilian in the year 1505, he dedicated himself to commerce in Spain in the 15th century and was hired by the Medicis who were a powerful and wealthy family of the time. Years later, Ojeda recalled that "Morigo Vespuche" was one of his pilots on the expedition. The map was widely used in universities and was influential among cartographers who admired the craftsmanship that went into its creation. The suggestion caught on; the extension of the name to North America, however, came later. Omissions? The letter says 17 August 1501, although translators variously rendered it also as 7 August 1501, 10 August 1501, or 1 August 1501. sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFLester2009 (, Universal Geography According to the Tradition of Ptolemy and the Contributions of Amerigo Vespucci and Others, "The Waldseemüller Map: Charting the New World", "Account of His First Voyage 1497 (Letter to Pier Soderini, Gonfalonier of the Republic of Florence)", Internet Modern History Sourcebook-Fordham University (U.S.), TOPS Lecture at Library of Congress, Drs. After Hispaniola they made a brief slave raid in the Bahamas, capturing 232 natives, and then returned to Spain. [4] Amerigo's career path seemed less certain; instead of following his brothers to the university, he remained in Florence and was tutored by his uncle, Giorgio Antonio Vespucci, a Dominican friar in the monastery of San Marco. Amerigo Vespucci was born in about 1451 in Florence, Italy. He continued to provision ships bound for the West Indies, but his opportunities were diminishing; Columbus's expeditions were not providing the hoped-for profits, and his patron, Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco Medici, was using other Florentine agents for his business in Seville. While Magnaghi has been one of the chief proponents of a two-voyage narrative, Roberto Levellier was an influential Argentinian historian who endorsed the authenticity of all Vespucci's letters and proposed the most extensive itinerary for his four voyages.[46]. [17] His role on the voyage is not clear. Updates? [3][4] More importantly, the Vespuccis had good relations with Lorenzo de' Medici, the powerful de facto ruler of Florence. Forced to turn around, the ships headed north, retracing their course to the original landfall. Vespucci's historical importance may rest more with his letters (whether or not he wrote them all) than his discoveries. When Berardi died, either at the end of 1495 or at the beginning of 1496, Vespucci became manager of the Sevilla agency. Other cartographers followed suit, and by 1532 the name America was permanently affixed to the newly discovered continents. It is unknown whether Vespucci was ever aware of these honours. Vespucci had meanwhile succeeded Berardi on the latter’s death in 1495 and at some point he started to go adventuring himself. He supposed that the ships, once past this point, emerged into the seas of southern Asia. The Italian voyager died on February 22, 1512, in Sevilla, Spain. A two-voyage thesis was accepted and popularized by Frederick J. Pohl (1944), and rejected by Germán Arciniegas (1955), who posited that all four voyages were truthful. Two series of documents on his voyages are extant. He actively participated in two exploratory trips in the New World, what we know today as America. Martin Waldseemüller, Franz Wieser (Ritter von), Edward Burke (trans), This page was last edited on 11 October 2020, at 19:30. Death. America is named after Amerigo Vespucci, the Italian explorer who set forth the then revolutionary concept that the lands that Christopher Columbus sailed to in 1492 were part of a separate continent. On returning, Vespucci entered the “bank” of Lorenzo and Giovanni di Pierfrancesco de’ Medici and gained the confidence of his employers. I… Amerigo Vespucci (1454-1512) Italian explorer, financier, navigator and cartographer – Amerigo Vespucci was born in Florence (Italian city, located in Tuscany) on March 9th, 1454 and died in Seville (capital of the province of Seville and the autonomous community of Andalusia in Spain) on February 22nd, 1512 at the age of 57. The Vespuccis were a prominent family and friends with the powerful Medicis, who ruled Italy for more than 300 years. Amerigo Vespucci (/vɛˈspuːtʃi/;[1] Italian: [ameˈriːɡo veˈsputtʃi]; 9 March 1454 – 22 February 1512) was an Italian merchant, explorer, and navigator from the Republic of Florence, from whose name the term "America" is derived. Only a few people were present at the funeral ceremony. Until the 1930s the documents of the first series were considered from the point of view of the order of the four voyages. He died of malaria on February 22, 1512 at his home in Seville, Spain. The Soderini Letter gave Vespucci credit for discovery of this new continent and implied that the Portuguese map was based on his explorations. Amerigo's role is not clear, but it was likely as an attache or private secretary. [16], In 1499, Vespucci joined an expedition licensed by Spain and led by Alonso de Ojeda as fleet commander and Juan de la Cosa as chief navigator. Amerigo "Rico" Vespucci, 71, of Port St. Lucie, Florida passed away January 4, 2019.Rico was born in Brooklyn, New York. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Both publications were extremely popular and widely read across much of Europe. A Florentine navigator and pilot major of Castile, Spain, Amerigo Vespucci, for whom America is named, played a major part in exploring the New World. Who wrote Missionary Travels and Researches in South Africa? In 1503 or 1504 he claimed – or somebody using his name did – that in 1497 he had sailed to the mainland of the New World, before Columbus, and discovered Brazil. What was his role on the voyages and what did he learn? The Introduction was written in Latin and included a Latin translation of the Soderini Letter. Amerigo Vespucci (March 9, 1454 to February 22, 1512) was born and grew up in Florence, Italy. Contrary, the expedition traveled southwestward and reached the Eastern edge of Asia a bay they... Verde where they encountered a new continent and implied that the naming “! 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