Order: Accipitriformes   Family: Accipitridae. The Scolopacidae is a large diverse family of small to medium-sized shorebirds including the sandpipers, curlews, godwits, shanks, tattlers, woodcocks, snipes, dowitchers and phalaropes. Corvids are above average in size among the Passeriformes, and some of the larger species show high levels of intelligence. Like other birds in the order Pelecaniformes, they have four webbed toes. These birds were introduced to New Zealand from Europe. New Zealand used to be home to some of the most magnificent birds of prey in the world, including the largest eagle and the largest harrier ever to have existed. They have a slender streamlined body, long pointed wings, and a short bill with a wide gape. Mohoua is a small genus of three bird species endemic to New Zealand. Sexes alike. Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Pelecanidae. In this list of the birds of New Zealand, the common name of the bird in New Zealand English is given first, and its Māori-language name, if different, is also noted. It’s head and neck are bright red with a yellow/green body. The scientific name is taken from mohua – the Māori name for the Yellowhead. These birds are widespread across the country and range from sea level to the upper slopes of the mountains. Laridae is a family of medium to large seabirds and includes gulls, terns, kittiwakes and skimmers. [17], The Old World orioles are colourful passerine birds which are not closely related to the New World orioles. The family Ardeidae contains the bitterns, herons and egrets. Here are some of the most common introduced birds in New Zealand. Their flight is fluttering and sometimes bat-like. Order: Sphenisciformes Related. Birds New Zealand has embarked on the country’s largest ever citizen science project to map the distribution and abundance of New Zealand birds! The woodswallows are soft-plumaged, somber-coloured passerine birds. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Pycnonotidae. It can be found from sea level up to 1,400 meters, and from Cape Reinga down to Ivercargil. Order: Falconiformes   Family: Falconidae. They are smallish birds with tails that are usually long and pointed, and tend to be drab brownish or buffy all over. The Tui is an indigenous New Zealand bird, and a national symbol. People introduced lots of different species to New Zealand, including plants, mammals, and birds. Order: Podicipediformes   Family: Podicipedidae. The common myna is a native of India, east and west Pakistan and Burma. The adzebills, genus Aptornis, were two closely related bird species of the extinct family Aptornithidae. In the 9 years I've lived in this house I have never seen this bird. These are not listed in any particular order, just kind of how I sorted them. Most have elaborate and noisy courting displays or "dances". Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand provides details of the nomenclature, taxonomy, classification, status, and distribution (current, historical, and fossil) of every known living and extinct species of New Zealand bird. The reasons behind the introductions varied from a desire to provide food, seeking a biological control, or simply for sentimental reasons. Most of the time I don’t get to watch it as it disappears in a small flock. They have long, broad wings with 11 primary and about 20 secondary feathers. It was introduced to many Pacific lands, including New Zealand, usually to combat … They were found nowhere else in the world. Their flight is strong and direct and they are very gregarious. New Zealand Shags Cormorants. Recent taxonomic changes affecting the British and Western Palaearctic lists, CSV file with names from New Zealand Birds online, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_birds_of_New_Zealand&oldid=992598123, Articles with incomplete citations from November 2019, All Wikipedia articles written in New Zealand English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Grey teal/tētē. They have large forward-facing eyes and ears, a hawk-like beak and a conspicuous circle of feathers around each eye called a facial disk. They are most common in Australia and New Guinea, but also found in New Zealand, the Pacific islands as far east as Samoa and Tonga, and the islands to the north and west of New Guinea known as Wallacea. Order: Psittaciformes   Family: Cacatuidae. The family Hirundinidae is adapted to aerial feeding. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. This searchable encyclopaedia of New Zealand birds includes detailed information on all 467 of New Zealand's living, extinct, fossil, vagrant and introduced birds. About two thirds of the extinctions occurred after the arrival of Māori but before the arrival of Pākehā and the rest since Pākehā arrived. The species of the genus Nelepsittacus were endemics of the main islands, while the two extinct species of the genus Nestor were found at the nearby oceanic islands such as Chatham Island of New Zealand, and Norfolk Island and adjacent Phillip Island. Old World parrots are found from Africa east across south and southeast Asia and Oceania to Australia and New Zealand. They are usually found in open woodland, reedbeds, or tall grass. Some species have distinct crests. The honeyeaters are a large and diverse family, Meliphagidae, of small to medium-sized birds. The stitchbird or hihi (Notiomystis cincta) is a honeyeater-like bird endemic to the North Island and adjacent offshore islands of New Zealand. I don't know what it is and it's driving me nuts LOL I don't think it's a native NZ bird and I don't think it's from Australia as I have a book of Australian birds and it isn't in there. The birds of New Zealand evolved into an avifauna that included many endemic species found in no other country. Approximately the size of a domestic chicken, kiwi are by far the smallest living ratites. They are now found all over the country and are often seen in urban areas. Frigatebirds are large seabirds usually found over tropical oceans. The darters have completely webbed feet, and their legs are short and set far back on the body. Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Hydrobatidae. Explore stories about Birds of Sea and Shore. Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Southern Alps – New Zealand’s Big Mountains, 7 Rimu Tree Facts – Common Native NZ Tree. Enter the answer length or the answer pattern to get better results. The stilts have extremely long legs and long, thin, straight bills. Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Threskiornithidae. The family Corvidae includes crows, ravens, jays, choughs, magpies, treepies, nutcrackers, and ground jays. The albatrosses are a family of large seabird found across the Southern and North Pacific Oceans. Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Rostratulidae. Their most unusual feature for birds classed as waders is that they typically hunt their insect prey on the wing like swallows, although they can also feed on the ground. Order: Columbiformes   Family: Columbidae. Birds of New Zealand. Birds A - Z. NZ Birds › Shags Cormorants. Here is a bird that you are sure to see in the forest or even in the backyard or park. Finches have a bouncing flight, alternating bouts of flapping with gliding on closed wings, and most sing well. Many of the bird species in New Zealand are good to have around, thanks to their attractive plumage and birdsong. Characteristics. From albatrosses to yellowheads, learn more about some of New Zealand's native birds. The species occurs on an annual or mostly annual basis, but does not nest in New Zealand. The barn owl is a rare vagrant from Australia that has bred in Northland. The chaffinch was brought to NZ … These bird images are really stunning when printed on aluminium with a matt finish using the high definition Chromaluxe process. The morepork, laughing owl and little owl are members of the owl order (Strigiformes), while falcons are Falconiformes and eagles and harriers are Accipitriformes. Within the family the species are known not only as robins but as scrub-robins and flyrobins. The largest and most common of NZ's three sea gulls. The Acanthizidae are small- to medium-sized birds with short rounded wings, slender bills, long legs, and a short tail. The sulids comprise the gannets and boobies. This bird was brought to NZ from India and is now very common across the North Island. Tropicbirds are slender white birds of tropical oceans, with exceptionally long central tail feathers. In general they are shy and secretive birds, making them difficult to observe. In flight, prominent whitepatches on wings, and white-tipped tail. The fantails are small insectivorous birds with longish, frequently fanned, tails. Learn more below about common types of pest birds found across the country. Their flight is fluttering and sometimes bat-like. Birds Of New Zealand. It can be found from sea level up to 1,400 meters, and from Cape Reinga down to Ivercargil. Finches are small to moderately large seed-eating passerine birds with a strong beak, usually conical and in some species very large. They look like large dark gulls, but have a fleshy cere above the upper mandible. Starlings are small to medium-sized passerine birds. The New Zealand wrens are a family (Acanthisittidae) of tiny passerines endemic to New Zealand. Callaeidae (sometimes Callaeatidae) is a family of passerine birds endemic to New Zealand. The most typical family members occupy dense vegetation in damp environments near lakes, swamps or rivers. Order: Psittaciformes   Family: Psittaculidae. They are strong fliers and despite their size and weight, very capable soarers. It was introduced to NZ from Europe and is now widespread. These are slender ground-feeding insectivores of open country. However, they have their feet placed far back on the body, making them quite ungainly on land. Order: Dinornithiformes Order: Passeriformes   Family: Passeridae. Toa Manu – garden bird survey . Order: Passeriformes   Family: Acanthisittidae. The members of this family are usually rather large for "warblers". Order: Passeriformes   Family: Petroicidae. Spotted Shags, Parekareka, Kawau tikitiki. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Campephagidae. Many swifts have long swept-back wings which resemble a crescent or boomerang. A beautiful selection of images of New Zealands unique bird life printed on canvas or aluminium and available as stock photos in jpeg format. These are adapted for an aquatic existence, with webbed feet, bills that are flattened to a greater or lesser extent, and feathers that are excellent at shedding water due to special oils. Unlike the similar-looking but unrelated herons, cranes fly with necks outstretched, not pulled back. Home >> Birds of New Zealand. Painted-snipes are short-legged, long-billed birds similar in shape to the true snipes, but more brightly coloured. The Auckland Merganser was first discovered in 1839 when the two French corvettes, L’Astrolabe and La Zelee, arrived at the rarely visited and remote Auckland Islands. However, some birds can become a serious nuisance in the wrong locations, such as Mynas, Starlings and Sparrows. They have become well established throughout New Zealand, and are now one of the most common birds found in urban areas. The accentors are a genus of birds in the family Prunellidae, which is the only bird family endemic to the Palearctic. The males have coloured inflatable throat pouches. Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Procellariidae. Unlike other long-necked birds suck as storks, ibises and spoonbills, members of Ardeidae fly with their necks retracted. The Crossword Solver found 20 answers to the Common NZ birds crossword clue. Plumage is typically dark with a metallic sheen. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Monarchidae. (1849), Zachary Aidala et al. As the name suggests, many species have a white ring around each eye. I say unfortunately because they may be cool to see, but in some cases they do displace and outcompete the native species. The majority of these species eat small invertebrates picked out of the mud or soil. Cranes are large, long-legged and long-necked birds. They share the colourful appearance of those groups with blues and browns predominating. This ubiquitous bird is often seen in flocks in urban or rural areas. One species, the huia, became extinct early in the 20th century, while the South Island kokako is critically endangered and may be extinct. They are, however, only distantly related to the Old World family Muscicapidae (to which other species with such names belong) and the monarch flycatchers (Monarchidae). Their short bills are an adaptation to aerial feeding. NEWS : New Zealand garden bird survey. All have 12 tail feathers and nine primary flight feathers. They are found in open country worldwide, mostly in habitats near water. The southern storm-petrels are the smallest seabirds, relatives of the petrels, feeding on planktonic crustaceans and small fish picked from the surface, typically while hovering. [18] This small group of closely related passerines are all in the genus Prunella. The chaffinch is the most common and most widespread of New Zealand’s introduced finches. Juvenile has dark brown head, paler bill and facial skin. This is another bird that is very widespread and common in open, urban, and rural areas. The golden-bellied gerygone is the only member of the family found in mainland Asia. Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Stercorariidae. The females have a much paler plumage especially on the neck and underparts. If you visit the South Island you won’t see this, but in the North Island it’s everywhere. The list's taxonomic treatment and nomenclature (common and scientific names) mainly follows the conventions of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 2019 edition. You can see birds outside your window at home, in the forest, at the beach, or up the mountains. The emberizids are a large family of seed-eating birds with distinctively shaped bills. They differ, however in a number of characteristics, including the often spectacular movable headcrest. Their food is insects and seeds. New Zealand Birds Online - The digital encyclopaedia of New Zealand birds. During wildlife and bird photography forays, my observations are of a fairly shy, aloof bird that prefers to avoid the fierce competition that other backyard birds like the sparrow get involved in. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Acrocephalidae. Bird orders: Typical owls are small to large solitary nocturnal birds of prey. Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Alcedinidae. Hi I live in NZ and I saw this bird in our tree and it has been around for at least a week, every day. Order: Caprimulgiformes   Family: Apodidae. Falconidae is a family of diurnal birds of prey, notably the falcons and caracaras. The two inner front toes are connected, but the outer toe is not. Common Birds of the New Zealand Forest Here's one of the most well known and liked New Zealand birds, the fantail. Auckland Island merganser . Order: Caprimulgiformes   Family: Aegothelidae. The family Charadriidae includes the plovers, dotterels and lapwings. Whatever the initial reason, they are here now and make up part of NZ’s wildlife. The feet are adapted to perching rather than walking, and the front toes are partially joined at the base. The owlet-nightjars are a distinctive group of small nocturnal birds related to swifts found from the Maluku Islands and New Guinea to Australia and New Caledonia. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Fringillidae. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Callaeidae. They feed on planktonic crustaceans and small fish picked from the surface, typically while hovering or pattering across the water. From albatrosses to yellowheads, learn more about some of New Zealand's native birds. They tend to have short, rounded wings and to be weak fliers. Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Diomedeidae. The Cape Barren goose is also recorded as an escape from captivity in New Zealand which has bred, as well as being a vagrant from Australia as set out in the table below.[7]. Locally common; Origin: Asian introduction; 24 cm, 125 g. Cheeky brown bird with jaunty walk. The procellariids are the main group of medium-sized "true petrels", characterised by united nostrils with medium nasal septum, and a long outer functional primary flight feather. Adult Appearance: The largest of NZ's introduced finches the Greenfinch is similar in size to, but more thickset than a common house sparrow. The Phalacrocoracidae is a family of medium-to-large coastal, fish-eating sea-birds that includes cormorants and shags. Welcome to Birds New Zealand / Te Kāhui Mātai Manu o Aotearoa! These are terrestrial species, variable in size but generally plump, with broad, relatively short wings. New Zealand Birds Online. These birds have very short legs and never settle voluntarily on the ground, perching instead only on vertical surfaces. The bird gallery links to in-depth descriptions of most New Zealand birds. Additional links, media releases and webinars are available on […] [14] All extant species are endemic to New Zealand. Whekau Endemic — found only in New Zealand. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Acanthizidae. All are endemic to Australasia: New Guinea, Australia, New Zealand and numerous Pacific Islands as far east as Samoa. Plumage colouration varies with the majority having mainly dark plumage, some species being black and white, and a few being colourful. They have long strong legs with powerful talons. New Zealand Birds Online is the best place to start if you need help identifying a bird. [13] The genus Nestor consists of the kea, kaka, Norfolk Island kaka and Chatham Island kaka,[14][15] while the genus Strigops contains the iconic kakapo. Family: Spheniscidae. Order: Psittaciformes   Family: Strigopidae. (P) – a regularly occurring in New Zealand or a portion thereof. Click the answer to find similar crossword clues. Grey teal/tētē (Anas gracilis) originally came from Australia in the mid-19th century. On our website, you’ll find information about joining the society, our projects, our annual conference, and a host of other birding resources. … Most are rather plain olivaceous brown above with much yellow to beige below. The Old World cuckoos are brood parasites. Eats most anything, dead or alive, including new-born lambs and sick sheep. They eat insects and fruit. They are predominantly greyish with white and black, although some minivet species are brightly coloured. They are in general medium to large birds, typically with grey or brown plumage, often with white markings on the wings. The NZ climate is such that the Silver-Eyes don't have the need to migrate as they do in most other countries. They are all over the North Island and across the dry eastern side of the South Island. Characteristic features of parrots include a strong curved bill, an upright stance, strong legs, and clawed zygodactyl feet. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2019. It’s a small, very brightly colored bird. It’s composed of the 10 most-reported birds from the 2017 Great Backyard Bird Count and the 13 most-common feeder species, according to the Cornell Lab of Ornithology. 12 of the 36 species live on and around the islands of New Zealand, 8 of which are endemic to NZ. They typically eat insects and seeds, are ground-nesting, and resemble partridges, except with featherless heads. Herons and egrets are medium to large sized wading birds with long necks and legs. Locustellidae are a family of small insectivorous songbirds found mainly in Eurasia, Africa, and the Australian region. https://www.flyingkiwi.com/flying-kiwi-travel-advice/native-birds-of-new-zealand It’s cool to see those unique species, but it’s equally special to see common species. Their preferred habitat is fairly open country. They are large, black-and-white, or completely black, with long wings and deeply forked tails. Albatross / toroa - 17 species Australasian bittern / matuku Australasian crested grebe / kāmana Banded rail / moho pererū Bellbird / Korimako Black billed gull / tarāpuka Black-fronted tern / tarapirohe Black Robin (Chatham Islands) Black Shag / Cormorant - Kawau Black Stilt / Kakī Black Swan Blue Duck (Little Duck / Whio) Brown teal / pāteke Chatham Islands Black Robin Chatham Island oystercatcher / tōrea Chatham Island pigeon / parea Chat… The guineafowl are a family of birds native to Africa. They are typically grey or white, often with black markings on the head or wings. nzbirds > birds (of New Zealand) > bird gallery. It is unique in having two voice boxes, allowing it to mimic many different birdsongs and other sounds (including human); also giving it a … Most larks are fairly dull in appearance. A subspecies called the, Nestoridae and Strigopidae are described in the same article, Bonaparte, C.L. These birds have very large powerful hooked beaks for tearing flesh from their prey, strong legs, powerful talons and keen eyesight. Unfortunately, there are a lot of introduced birds in NZ (41 introduced species of bird). Order: Passeriformes   Family: Zosteropidae. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Hirundinidae. Family: Apterygidae. They are plump, soft plumaged, small to medium-sized insectivores or sometimes omnivores, often feeding on the ground. The species here can be seen in urban, suburban, and rural spaces, and the majority frequent backyards and feeders. Adult cinnamon brown with glossy black head and neck, white undertail and underwing; yellow legs, bill and bare patch of skin near eye. The list's taxonomic treatment and nomenclature (common and scientific names) mainly follows the conventions of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 2019 edition. Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Scolopacidae. This large black and white bird is commonly seen around farm land or parks. Strangely, female and juvenile or young blackbirds are brown! The chaffinch was brought to NZ from Europe. Barn owls are medium to large owls with large heads and characteristic heart-shaped faces. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Prunellidae. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Emberizidae. The oystercatchers are large, obvious and noisy plover-like birds, with strong bills used for smashing or prying open molluscs. https://www.thespruce.com/most-common-backyard-birds-4121925 The monarch flycatchers are small to medium-sized insectivorous passerines which hunt by gleaning, hovering or flycatching. It can be found only in the North Island in urban and rural areas. Tuis make a huge variety of sounds that are unlike anything else. They are understood to form a distinct lineage within the passerines, but authorities differ on their assignment to the oscines or suboscines (the two suborders that between them make up the Passeriformes). The males have black and dark brown plumage, an erectile crest on the nape and a larger bill than the female. Phasianidae consists of the pheasants and their allies. Order: Gruiformes   Family: Aptornithidae. They are small to medium-sized birds with compact bodies, short, thick necks and long, usually pointed, wings. These are just some of the bird species you can expect to see in NZ. Birds Of New Zealand. Rollers resemble crows in size and build, but are more closely related to the kingfishers and bee-eaters. They do not swim or walk and cannot take off from a flat surface. The thrushes are a group of passerine birds that occur mainly in the Old World. Accipitridae is a family of birds of prey and includes the osprey, hawks, eagles, kites, harriers and Old World vultures. The family Cuculidae includes cuckoos, roadrunners and anis. It’s not quite as common as the others, but it’s beautiful. Order: Suliformes   Family: Phalacrocoracidae. Read more about the Atlas scheme here or visit the NZ Bird Atlas Portal. Tui. To help you identify the birds in your garden, use our tips below to identify 10 common New Zealand birds. 2016. Both groups are medium-large coastal seabirds that plunge-dive for fish. In size they range from 8 cm (3.1 in) to 1 m (3.3 ft) in length. Their long wings have black markings, as does the head. They are smooth, agile flyers with moderately large, semi-triangular wings. (*) following taxonomic name: (unexplained), This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 03:24. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Meliphagidae. The avocets have long legs and long up-curved bills. Their plumage is somewhat permeable, like that of cormorants, and they spread their wings to dry after diving. I have to put this bird on the list just because it’s so cool to see. Kiwi BirdThe kiwi bird is the nation’s sweetheart and probably the most iconic of all the New Zealand … Anhingas or darters are frequently referred to as "snake-birds" because of their long thin neck, which gives a snake-like appearance when they swim with their bodies submerged. They are sexually dimorphic; males are green, varying in intensity, with some yellow on the abdomen. Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Charadriidae. For the first time, it also includes complete synonymies. [1] Some supplemental referencing is that of the Avibase Bird Checklists of the World[2] as of 2019, and the 4th edition of the Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand, published in 2010 by Te Papa Press in association with the Ornithological Society of New Zealand, which is an authoritative list of the birds of New Zealand.[3]. This is perhaps the most common introduced bird species in NZ. Native — birds that are naturally found in the country or are self-introduced. Introduced — brought here by humans. Having the largest wingspan-to-body-weight ratio of any bird, they are essentially aerial, able to stay aloft for more than a week. I think it’s so cool to observe nature, whether it’s a grizzly bear, a tiny mayfly, or a rare, huge Kauri tree. Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Recurvirostridae. The bird family Petroicidae includes 49 species in 19 genera. Seabirds – overview. Order: Phaethontiformes   Family: Phaethontidae. The species and subspecies marked extinct became extinct subsequent to humans' arrival in New Zealand. These birds are of variable size with slender bodies, long tails and strong legs. Different lengths of legs and bills enable multiple species to feed in the same habitat, particularly on the coast, without direct competition for food. Some are colourful with yellow, red, or orange vents, cheeks, throats, or supercilia, but most are drab, with uniform olive-brown to black plumage. Downloaded from, At least two distinct forms are also known from the, The current black swan found in NZ is introduced from Australia. Albatrosses Maori tamed them for use as pest control because they eat large caterpillars which damaged crops. This is perhaps the most common introduced bird species in NZ. The white-eyes are small birds of rather drab appearance, the plumage above being typically greenish-olive, but some species have a white or bright yellow throat, breast, or lower parts, and several have buff flanks. The Threskiornithidae is a family of large terrestrial and wading birds which includes the ibises and spoonbills. The family includes the Australian chats, myzomelas, friarbirds, wattlebirds, miners and melidectes. Pelicans are large water birds with distinctive pouches under their bills. Motacillidae is a family of small passerine birds with medium to long tails and comprises the wagtails, longclaws, and pipits. The Crossword Solver finds answers to American-style crosswords, British-style crosswords, general knowledge crosswords and cryptic crossword puzzles. Many parrots are vividly coloured, and some are multi-coloured. Bulbuls are medium-sized songbirds. The following codes are used to denote other categories of species: Order: Apterygiformes Blackbirds were introduced simply because new immigrants from Britain missed them. Many emberizid species have distinctive head patterns. They are strong, acrobatic fliers. For want of an accurate common name, the family is often called the Australasian robins. They have lobed toes and are excellent swimmers and divers. Most penguins feed on krill, fish, squid, and other forms of sealife caught while swimming underwater. They differ from hawks, eagles and kites in that they kill with their beaks instead of their talons. Grebes are small to medium-large freshwater diving birds. Even known to eat its own eggs and chicks. Sparrows are small passerine birds, typically small, plump, brown or grey with short tails and short powerful beaks. Since people arrived to NZ, 35 bird species have gone extinct and many more are threatened. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Locustellidae. 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