Today these animals can be found only in such protected places as the Yankari National Park in Bauchi state, Gashaka Gumti National Park in Taraba state, Kainji Lake National Park in Kwara state (see Kainji Lake), and Cross River National Park in Cross River state. See if you can find elephants in Yankari National Park, or visit the north to explore the region's ancient walled cities of Hausa-Fulani, which have been centers of trade and Islam for thousands of years. Individuals who are not members of a dominant group but who have lived and worked for several decades in the territory of the group are still considered to be aliens. It's more common to feel this in the northern part of the country, but more or less it's felt through all of Nigeria, except for maybe the southern coast. Travel weather and climate description. Desertification, when fertile land becomes barren desert, affects as much as 60% of Nigeria’s land, exacerbated by drought and climate change. Climate data and weather averages in Lagos. Southern Nigeria is equatorial, Central Nigeria is tropical, while the northern region of the country is arid. Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Nigeria has been a Climate and Clean Air Coalition (CCAC) partner since 2012. Therefore, climate change can be defined as alterations in climate patterns over a period of time ranging from few years to decades. In general, the length of the rainy season decreases from south … This climate is influenced by the monsoons originating from the South Atlantic ocean, which is brought into the country by the (maritime tropical) MT airmass, a warm moist sea to land seasonal wind. © 2020 USATODAY, a division of Gannett Satellite Information Network, Inc. To really experience the countryside, visit Cross River National Park or Yankari National Park, where you can see primate sanctuaries, explore forested hiking trails and swim in hot springs. The climate of Nigeria is usually characterized into 2 seasons – the Wet and Dry. The dry season, particularly between the months of October and January when temperatures are lowest, is by far the best time to visit. It is hot and wet most of the year in the southeast but dry in the southwest and farther inland. Rainfall is the key climatic variable, and there is a marked alternation of wet and dry seasons in most areas. Nigeria is considered to have a tropical climate overall, but within that are many diverse physical regions of the country. For instance, the southern coast is home to mangrove forests, swamps and hot and humid temperatures that cause extremely wet conditions, especially along the Niger Delta. Be sure to visit the Omenka Gallery, which is the leading art gallery in Nigeria, highlighting emerging Nigerian and international contemporary artists. Here are some average weather facts we collected from our historical climate data: On average, the temperatures are always high. Temperatures rarely exceed 32° C (90° F), but humidity is very high and nights are hot. Ikeazor, in her opening remarks, noted that the government of Nigeria, under the leadership of President Muhammadu Buhari, has consistently said that Nigeria must show leadership in climate … Hana LaRock is a freelance content writer from New York, currently living in Mexico. Dued to the lesser rain the best time for traveling is from November to April. Other common birds include quail, vultures, kites, bustards, and gray parrots. Near the coast, the seasons are not sharply defined. It is warm to hot all year round and invites to bathe at average water temperatures of 27 degrees. Lets talk about Nigeria climate, the temperature, relative humidity and rainfall. The summers are much rainier than the winters in Lagos. All climatic diagrams of this site are taken from the collected data from the official weather station in Ogun in a height of 39m above sea level. reduction of arable lands. Nights can be cold in December and January. Animals found in both forest and savanna included leopards, golden cats, monkeys, gorillas, and wild pigs. This is caused primarily by increases in greenhouse gases such as Carbon Dioxide (CO2). To begin, Nigeria's southern… Nigeria has some other amazing cities that are worth a visit too. Nigeria is considered to have a tropical climate overall, but within that are many diverse physical regions of the country. Both are settled cultivators, but, while Nupe society is hierarchical, that of the Tiv tends to be decentralized. Nigeria has a tropical climate with variable rainy and dry seasons, depending on location. Nigeria's climate also varies but the center and the south are tropical due to their locations near the equator, while the north is arid. High humidity and high temperatures are making the weather pleasant at times, but also and partly tropical hot and humid. On the coast the mean monthly maximum temperatures are steady throughout the year, remaining about 90 °F (32 °C) at Lagos and about 91 °F (33 °C) at Port Harcourt; the mean monthly minimum temperatures are approximately 72 °F (22 °C) for Lagos and 68 °F (20 °C) for Port Harcourt. Nigeria is the most populated country on the entire African continent, and it has a lot to offer tourists who are interested in exploring everything from posh cities to untouched natural environments. Climate Niger extends southward from the tropic of Cancer, and the northern two-thirds of its territory lies in dry tropical desert. These maps and graphs were developed from the CRU TS 3.21 dataset produced by the Climatic Research Unit at the University of East Anglia, UK. A short way inland, the swamps give way to dense tropical rainforests. The history, capital, flag, climate, terrain, people, economy, and population. Southern Nigeria is equatorial, Central Nigeria is tropical, while the northern region of the country is arid. Irrespective of the weather condition Nigeria can still move about their businesses unlike what you get in Europe and America where people are stuck once it starts snowing. In fact, there is a rainy season due to the African monsoon, which is progressively longer and more intense from north to south. Rural communities who depend on farming for food and income are especially vulnerable to climate change. Nigeria has a vast amount of geography and climate features that has set a awareness and political conflicts. Climate data and weather averages in Zaria. For instance, the southern coast is … The Köppen-Geiger climate classification is Aw. Nigeria - Climate data - Climate information and average monthly temperature, humidity, rainfall, snowfall, daylight, sunshine, UV index, and sea temperature for all cities and towns. CLIMATE The Savannah climate is a popular type of climate in Nigeria. The months of March, April, May, July, September and October have a high chance of precipitation. The northern-dwelling Hausa, one of the most numerous groups in the country, have become integrated with the smaller Fulani group, whose members conquered Hausaland in the early 19th century; the great majority of both are Muslims. Make a stop in Yorubaland to learn about the Yoruba culture and customs by visiting the museums and palaces there. A smaller proportion live in large towns and are culturally much closer to the Edo of neighbouring Benin City (in Edo state) than to the Igbo east of the lower Niger valley. One of them is the sea equatorial air, which in the summer brings wet winds from the coast, and then a low pressure zone appears over the desert, and the other is a continental tropical one, and it is transported from the Sahara by a dusty dry wind of the Harman. Varies from area to area. When sunshine … More Facts about Nigeria . Hausa musicians performing at the court of the amir of Zaria, northern Nigeria. These ecosystems provide direct and indirect services to the population, including nutrient cycling to maintain the fertility of soils, waste decomposition, and pest and disease control. Camels, antelopes, hyenas, lions, baboons, and giraffes once inhabited the entire savanna region, and red river hogs, forest elephants, and chimpanzees lived in the rainforest belt. Against the backdrop of the deadly effects of climate change, it is important that Nigeria mitigates these by letting people appreciate the reality and the … This climate is considered to be Aw according to the Köppen-Geiger climate classification. Hana has been writing about her travel experiences for several years and has been published in print magazines like Travel Ideas and Ensemble Vacations, as well as websites such as Tour Amigo, The Culture Trip, REI, and Orbitz. Each Yoruba subgroup is ruled by a paramount chief, or oba, who is usually supported by a council of chiefs. Climate zone: tropics With a yearly average of 33 °C the climate in Nigeria ist warm, but has only a few really tropical and sticky months. Nigeria, no doubt has one of the best climatic condition in the whole wide world. Roads become flooded and muddy, and river runoff can be filled with garbage. In general, mean maximum temperatures are higher in the north, while mean minimum temperatures are lower. Effects of Climate Change in Nigeria . Nigeria like other countries of the world has its own experience of climate change disasters like the one that struck 25 years ago in the north-eastern region presently comprising Borno and Yobe states, the southern part of Lake chad, the section of it that lies inside Nigerian territory dried up. Averages are for Zaria Airport, which is 5 miles from Zaria. Its warmth and high humidity gives it a strong tendency to ascend and produce copious rainfall, which is a result of the condensation of water vapour in the rapidly rising air. Semidesert conditions exist in the Lake Chad region, where various species of acacia and the doum species of palm are common. The tropical monsoon climate, designated by the Köppen climate classification as "Am", is found in the southern part of the country. Head farther away from the coast to experience Nigeria's vast countryside. In the far northern areas the nearly total disappearance of plant life has facilitated a gradual southward advance of the Sahara. The best time and weather to travel to Nigeria 2020. Hana has been to nearly 30 countries and counting. It lies in a mountainous area just north of the Cross River National Park. Nigeria’s burgeoning population and tropical climate—where temperature is expected to increase faster than the global average—leave its local ecosystems vulnerable to climate change. During the dry season, the Harmattan wind blows from the Sahara. It is hot and wet most of the year in the southeast but dry in the southwest and farther inland. However, in such a large country, the climate can vary widely from one city to another. They consider the city of Ile-Ife their ancestral home and the deity Oduduwa their progenitor. The average temperature in Lagos is 27.0 °C | 80.6 °F. A savanna climate, with marked wet and dry seasons, prevails in the north and west, while a steppe climate with little precipitation is found in the far north. That climate change is the biggest threat facing humanity today is no longer in doubt. The warmest month is May with … In the Shebeshi is Dimlang (Vogel Peak), which at 2,042 m is Nigeria’s highest point. The average annual temperature is 26.5 °C | 79.8 °F in Ibadan. Climate zones . Inland there are two different seasons. Average temperature, rainfall and snowfall information is available for the following climate stations in Nigeria Nigeria In order to minimize the negative impact of climate change on the ecosystems, water resources, socioeconomic domains, a number of adaptation measures are open to Nigeria. The wet season in Nigeria is from April to October and falls upon the southern region much earlier than the rest of the country, typically around February or March. All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years. The cattle-herding rural Fulani, who generally do not intermarry, speak the Fulani language, Fula, rather than Hausa. The Climate of the Ganges Valley in India, The Weather in the Historical Cities of Ecuador, All Year Round Weather & Climate in Japan in 2017, Privacy Notice/Your California Privacy Rights. The inland area is mostly savanna, divided into three zones. For instance, Lagos experiences temperatures that average 82 degrees Fahrenheit, which you'll have to tolerate along with all the other problems the rainy season brings. Combating Climate Change in Nigeria. The climate is tropical in Ibadan. Coastal Erosion: There is reported rise in sea level along Nigerian coastal waters. Hundreds of languages are spoken in the country, including Yoruba, Igbo, Fula, Hausa, Edo, Ibibio, Tiv, and English. There are an estimated 250 ethnic groups in Nigeria. Nigeria, no doubt has one of the best climatic condition in the whole wide world. Once we address it, then we are closer to achieving #ZeroHunger by 2030. Nigeria's climate also varies but the center and the south are tropical due to their locations near the equator, while the north is arid. According to Ahmed, Nigeria needs to double “investment in local capacity and infrastructure to support people harmed by climate impacts as they rethink or rebuild their lives and businesses.” Nigeria needs to “develop new crop varieties, livestock breeds, and farm practices specifically designed to help farmers adapt to evolving climate realities,” he says. As in most of West Africa, Nigeria's climate is characterized by strong latitudinal zones, becoming progressively drier as one moves north from the coast. The third major ethnic group, the Igbo of southeastern Nigeria, lives in small decentralized and democratic settlements. Nigeria has a tropical climate with 2 seasons (wet and dry).Although depending on location, regions experience climate change with significant higher temperatures during the dry seasons while rainfalls during rainy seasons help keep the temperature at milder levels. Climate Types: The climate of Nigeria differs throughout three different regions of the country. The largest political unit is the village, which is ruled by a council of elders (chosen by merit, not heredity) rather than by a chief. Nigeria is often called the "Giant of Africa." Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! Nigeria’s climate has been changing, evident in: increases in temperature; variable rainfall; rise in sea level and flooding; drought and desertification; land degradation; more frequent extreme weather events; affected fresh water resources and loss of biodiversity. The capital is Abuja. Sectorial impacts of climate change Agriculture. They range from education to inform and encourage behavioural change to changing location and use, preventing effects, modifying threats, and sharing loss. Though you might feel the harmattan at this time, it's hardly felt in the south, and either way, it's not as bad as the rain. It is also a... Forestry. Climate is the average weather conditions over a specified period of time usually several decades to establish statistical properties such as mean values, variance and probability of extreme events. This has brought about increased... 3. In the southwest large areas of forest have been replaced by cacao and rubber plantations. Don't forget to drink a lot of water, and be on the lookout for weather warnings. Nigeria’s climate has been changing, evident in: increases in temperature; variable rainfall; rise in sea level and flooding; drought and desertification; land degradation; more frequent extreme weather events; affected fresh water resources and loss of biodiversity. Natural events and human activities are believed to be contributing to an increase in average global temperatures. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Nigeria, country located on the western coast of Africa. The Weather & Climate of Nigeria (Photo: ). In the northeastern city of Maiduguri, for example, the mean monthly maximum temperature may exceed 100 °F (38 °C) during the hot months of April and May, while in the same season frosts may occur at night. Annual Weather Averages Near Lagos. Nigeria has a diverse geography, with climates ranging from arid to humid equatorial. A savanna climate, with marked wet and dry seasons, prevails in the north and west, while a steppe climate with little precipitation is found in the far north. In Algeria, the largest African country, there are three types of climate: the mild Mediterranean climate of the coast (zone 1 on the map), the transitional climate of the northern hills and mountains (zone 2), which is a little more continental and moderately rainy, and finally, the desert climate of the vast area occupied by the Sahara (zone 3). Climate change is a global crisis which will affect every country on earth, though some countries are going to feel its influence sooner than others. Gallery forests (narrow forest zones along rivers) are also characteristic of the open savanna in the north. During the dry season, the Harmattan wind blows from the Sahara. Near the coast temperatures rarely exceed 32 degrees Celsius (90 degrees Fahrenheit), but humidity is very high and nights are very hot. When talking about Climate, you should know that there are several types of climate in Nigeria. The average annual temperature is 26.5 °C | 79.8 °F in Ibadan. Another large and politically dominant group is the Yoruba of southwestern Nigeria. In Nigeria, the climate is tropical, semi-arid in the far north, and progressively rainier as you move southward. Nigeria Weather, climate and geography Weather and climate Best time to visit. Temperatures are also high, and the humidity is brutal. The northern savanna abounds in guinea fowl. In most rural areas, such aliens may not acquire outright title to land, yet considerable numbers of people have migrated from one ethnic territory to another in search of farmland. In the middle belt, where the greatest concentration of ethnic groups (more than 180) occurs, the Tiv and the Nupe are the largest groups. They range from education to inform and encourage behavioural change to changing location and use, preventing effects, modifying threats, and sharing loss. Nigeria is located between the equator and the tropic of cancer, which gives Nigeria a harsh climate for survival. 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