Staking is provided to the growing plants during their developmental stages to prevent the plants against high-velocity winds and to prevent lodging etc. Because not all palms produce suckers, seed is the most common method of propagation. Practice weeding regularly to keep the field weed-free. We can harvest the ripe fruits from directly from the tree, but the problem is there might be the tendency of damage to the ripe fruits by the birds, watery latex is considered as the harvesting index. The climate should be warm and humid and can be cultivated up to an elevation of about 1000 meters. Papaya is a short-lived perennial tropical plant that produces delicious edible exotic fruit. This technique needs some preparative work. Plant seeds outdoors in large hills 12 inches high at least six feet apart in rows at least 12 feet apart. Carefully transplant the seedlings to larger containers if you are growing them indoors. Planting of Papaya: Planting Material: Papaya is commercially propagated by seed and tissue culture plants. Root stocks for budding and grafting can be raised by this method. the asexual methods of plant propagation were not known, this was the only commercial method for plant propagation. Though it prefers humidity, papaya is affected by water stagnation and also by strong winds. Propagation; You will need to propagate papaya is from seed. Plowing and harrowing should be done twice before layout in case of virgin lands. Fig. Make a slit in the plastic bag or disposable glass down one side to remove the bag and place it in the hole for proper transplanting of 45 days old seedlings. The greenhouse environment needs to be tailored to the plants’ ideal environmental conditions, and the growers preferred growing methods and operating processes. Propagation of Palms. In papaya, the nutrient requirement will vary from cultivar to cultivar. Papaya Propagation. How to Propagate Papaya 1. The plant is highly sensitive to waterlogged conditions, and hence it is most important to prevent waterlogging. Earthing up in papaya is very important to practice which is practiced after 4th, 6th, and 8th months after planting the seedlings. In this regard clonal propagation represents the economic way of continuously producing Before going ahead, one has to select the right variety of papaya for cultivation. Fig. Ensure seedlings have adequate light, warmth, consistent water (but not waterlogged), and shelter from wind during growth, whether they are outdoors or inside. First of all, you must collect the seeds. A well-drained sandy, loamy soil rich in NPK with pH 6-7 is the best for papaya growth. Asexual propagation. Weak and diseased plants, along with excess male plants, need to be uprooted as soon as after plants flowering. Propagation of the papaya for commercial production is normally by seed; as a consequence, wide variability in sex expression and fruit characters is usually observed among the individuals in the population of even small plantings. Plants flower in about three months. Conventional method of propagation like cutting or grafting has not been found successful in papaya. Add plenty of organic matter to the soil before planting. In papaya cultivation, sawdust and peat mulches are also used for good results. Papaya is a highly nutritious tropical fruit popular with both the resident and tourist populations in Guam. How to Germinate Tumbling Tom Tomato Seeds. However, asexual propagation has been frequently used with the use of different in vitroand ex vitroculture techniques, … 1. Home. The papaya is native to Ecuador and the northwestern Andes. The dense root system is fairly drought resistant, but irrigation may be required in dry months. It is also called ‘vegetative propagation’. The seed rate is 250-300 g./ha. Prior to most things, islands need to be leveled, and then proper harrowing should be done along with manuring and fertilizer incorporation. Test the soil for the ph level and phosphorous content. Planting pit should be dug at a distance of 2.4 m × 2.4 m for taller types, 1.8 m × 1.8 m for medium types, and 1.2 m × 1.2 m for dwarf varieties. Provide heat and bright light for 12 to 16 hours per day for the best growth. It is a very important operation when fruit-bearing occurs in clusters instead of single to ensure the proper development of fruits. In well-drained soils, irrigation at shorter intervals during the early crop stages results in good establishment and also encourages better plant development. Growing Papaya. Natural Pest Control Methods in Agriculture. bamboo sticks or other sticks are used to provide staking. 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