An administrative resolution issued by the Ministry of Health continued in effect, declaring that HIV/AIDS patients should not suffer discrimination and making available a complaints office. Child Abuse: According to the criminal code, prison sentences for rape committed against minors range from 12 to 15 years and, for child abuse, range from seven to 12 years. On several occasions the markings were accompanied by or led to destruction of private property. Employers also avoided legal penalties by organizing employer-led unions lacking independence and by frequently using contract workers to replace striking employees. The Roman Catholic Church NGO Caritas publicly stated that the government retained humanitarian goods in customs with unclear requirements on how to get the products into the country. The law provides for an independent judiciary, but the government did not respect judicial independence and impartiality. Observers claimed, however, that trials against prodemocracy protesters were unduly delayed and did not conform to due process, and that defendants’ release was in many cases based on political decisions rather than on rule of law. Nicaragua 2019 Fostering Dialogue and Consensus Among Democratic Players ... A campaign to inform the international community of the political situation in Nicaragua will take place. Reconsider travel to Nicaragua due to COVID-19, civil unrest, crime, limited healthcare availability, and arbitrary enforcement of laws.. Read the Department of State’s COVID-19 page before you plan any international travel.. The Special Economic Measures (Nicaragua) Regulations impose a dealings prohibition, an effective asset freeze, on listed persons. According to organizations that worked on children’s rights, this likely increased to almost 320,000 children working in some form of child labor. In November and December, Congress stripped nine civil society organizations of their legal registration at the request of the Interior Ministry. Organizations of persons with disabilities claimed interpreters for the deaf were not accessible at schools and universities, making it difficult for these persons to obtain education. On December 13, the National Police raided the offices of news outlet Confidencial, led by internationally recognized journalist Carlos Fernando Chamorro. Their combination, evolution, and interaction with key stakeholders will determine scenarios for either further deterioration or for positive change. On December 30, the government released 91 political prisoners, leaving 70 imprisoned. Local NGOs reported having to channel requests for meetings with ministry officials and for public information through the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Human rights organizations claimed the NNP and prison system’s inability to locate prisoners was not due to poor recordkeeping but was instead a deliberate part of a misinformation campaign. Human rights organizations continued to be concerned about prison overcrowding. They were kept with male inmates, forced to strip in front of their peers, and specifically harangued by guards. Penalties were generally insufficient to deter violations. Public officials repeatedly made stigmatizing statements to undermine the credibility of defenders. NGOs working on women’s issues reported that violence against women increased and police generally understated its severity. No information was available on the percentage of the prison population in pretrial detention or the national average length of pretrial detention. Members of civil society and student leaders involved in the protests that began in April 2018 were more likely than members of other groups to be subjected to such treatment. Indigenous persons constituted approximately 5 percent of the population and lived primarily in the RACN and the RACS. Discrimination against persons with physical, sensory, intellectual, and mental disabilities was widespread despite being prohibited by law. Situation in Nicaragua. The law does not establish specific fines for labor law violations, and penalties were generally insufficient to deter violations. Enforcement was not effective in the private sector or the larger informal sector. The FSLN also used its authority to decide who could obtain national identity cards. Access to Asylum: The law provides for the granting of asylum or refugee status, and the government has established a system for providing protection to refugees. Human rights groups and independent media also reported the failure to approve or deny Law 200 resulted in uncertainty surrounding the purchase and import of goods related to broadcasting. But while much of the migration from Nicaragua’s neighbours – in the … OSH standards also were not widely enforced in an expanding large informal sector, which represented 77 percent of employment and 88 percent of businesses, according to 2016 reports from the Consultants for Business Development and the Nicaraguan Foundation for Economic and Social Development. No data was available on government efforts to prevent or prosecute complaints of sexual harassment. Many of these cases did not reach the court system or a mediation process led by the Ministry of Labor. Corruption: Corruption and impunity remained rampant among government officials, and a general state of permissiveness hindered the possibility of addressing the problem effectively. Section 2. The ruling party devoted attention and resources to keeping political control over decision-making bodies in the regions where most indigenous groups lived. The standard legal workweek is a maximum of 48 hours, with one day of rest. The government may prevent the departure of travelers with pending cases; authorities used this authority against individuals involved in the protest movement. Sentences for those convicted of rape range from eight to 12 years’ imprisonment. The Office of the Comptroller is responsible for combating corruption within government agencies and offices. Discrimination in employment took many forms. WFP; Posted 25 Nov 2020 Originally published 25 Nov 2020. Arbitrary Deprivation of Life and Other Unlawful or Politically Motivated Killings, c. Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman, or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, Arrest Procedures and Treatment of Detainees, Politically Motivated Reprisal Against Individuals Located Outside the Country, f. Arbitrary or Unlawful Interference with Privacy, Family, Home, or Correspondence. Child labor also occurred in the production of dairy products, oranges, bananas, tobacco, palm products, coffee, rice, and sugarcane; cattle raising; street sales; garbage-dump scavenging; stone crushing; gold mining and quarrying of pumice and limestone; construction; drug production and trafficking; street performing; domestic work; and transport. The government frequently used FSLN-controlled family cabinets and party-controlled CLSs to administer these programs. Human rights organizations and civil society activists asserted that the government misused the 2015 Sovereign Security Law, which significantly broadened the definition of state sovereignty and security, as a pretext to arrest protesters and citizens it deemed in opposition to its goals. On September 21, the NNP used tear gas and shot marbles and pellets at prodemocracy protesters, whose application to march was denied by the NNP. The policy reportedly applied only to domestic violence cases considered mild. In April, massive anti-government protests broke out countrywide. The National Council of Labor Hygiene and Safety, including its departmental committees, is responsible for implementing worker safety legislation and collaborating with other government agencies and civil society organizations in developing assistance programs and promoting training and prevention activities. Although the constitution recognizes indigenous languages, defendants were not always granted court interpreters or translators. The Nicaraguan Pro-Human Rights Association continued to operate from forced exile in Costa Rica and focused more on the Nicaraguan exile community. The constitution recognizes the right to strike, although it places some restrictions on this right. Reports of killings were common in the north-central regions and the North Caribbean Autonomous Region (RACN). There has been some progress lately in Nicaragua’s safety and political situation, but it’s slow going. The Nicaragua Human Rights and Anticorruption Act, bipartisan legislation that came into force in December, grants the Treasury Department the power to sanction any “current or former official of the Government of Nicaragua or any person acting on behalf of that Government” who the US president determines has perpetrated or has responsibility for “ordering or otherwise directing, significant acts of violence or human rights violations” in the context of the crackdown that began in April 2018. Authorities occasionally failed to respect court orders. Political Parties and Political Participation: The FSLN used state resources for political activities to enhance its electoral advantage in recent elections. The Office of the Ombudsman for Human Rights was perceived as politicized and ineffective. Authorities and armed pro-government groups harassed, threatened, intimidated, attacked, robbed, and confiscated equipment from journalists and bloggers who reported on the protests. Individuals and organizations may file suit in civil courts to seek damages for alleged human rights violations, but authorities did not always respect court decisions. Groups opposing the construction of a proposed interoceanic canal also reported being harassed and placed under surveillance. Political situation. By mid-2018 the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees counted 326 refugees or persons in refugee-like situations in the country. Nicaragua is a presidential republic, in which the President of Nicaragua is both head of state and head of government, and there is a multi-party system. As of July 4, the private sector confirmed approximately 12,500 acres remained seized. A year into Nicaragua’s political and social crisis, an estimated 62,000 people have fled to neighbouring countries, with the vast majority – some 55,500 – seeking refuge in Costa Rica. 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