Cite this entry as: (2017) Persian Literature. Persian, also called Farsi, is a Western Iranian language.It is the official language of Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan.It is also spoken by many people in Pakistan, Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan and other neighbouring countries and by immigrants from Central Asia in Russia.Persian was also taught as a second language in schools in Pakistan until 2006. 669 relations. The Islamic conquest of Iran in the 7th cent. PERSIAN LITERATURE (1) Pre-Islamic Literature (2) Classical Persian Literature. Literature 2. It is a member of the branch of Indo-European languages denoted Indo-Iranian. language in all periods is the common speech of the Aryan inhabitants of the Iranian plateau and its environs known in the OT by the name of its chief province, פָּרַס, H10594, from the native name, Fars or Faristan, and the indigenous language, Fārsī. Its sources have been within historical Persia including present-day Iran as well as regions of Central Asia where the Persian language has historically been the national language. The Islamic conquest of Iran in the 7th cent. It has profoundly influenced the literatures of Ottoman Turkey, Muslim India and Turkic Central Asia and been a source of inspiration for Goethe, Emerson, Matthew Arnold and Jorge Luis Borges among others. His works have been translated into French, Dutch, Spanish, Russian, Greek, Arabic, Japanese, and Persian. Persian literature is the jewel in the crown of Persian culture. Comparison LITERATURE. Middle Persian literature is the corpus of written works composed in Middle Persian, that is, the Middle Iranian dialect of Persia proper, the region in the south-western corner of the Iranian plateau.Middle Persian was the prestige dialect during the era of Sassanid dynasty.. Pre-Islamic Persian literature consists of religious texts, the most notable of which is the Avesta, a collection of liturgic fragments, and the later Pahlavi writing of the Sassanid period. A knowledge of Modern Persian, moreover, contributes considerably to the understanding of Jewish literary history because of the documents written in Judæo-Persian. The Persian Empire, also known as the Achaemenid Empire, lasted from approximately 559 B.C.E. B. Persian literature (Persian: ادبیات فارسی ‎) is one of the world's oldest literatures.It spans two-and-a-half millennia, though much of the pre-Islamic material has been lost.Its sources have been within historical Persia including present-day Iran, Iraq and the Caucasus, as well as regions of Central Asia where the Persian language has historically been the national language. There is an extensive Judeo-Persian poetic religious literature, closely modeled on classical Persian poetry. Persian literature (Persian: ادبیات فارسی ‎, romanized: Adabiyâte fârsi, pronounced [ʔædæbiːˌjɒːte fɒːɾˈsiː]) comprises oral compositions and written texts in the Persian language and is one of the world's oldest literatures. While a thorough education in Persian literature was an essential component in the upbringing of members of the Muslim elite, a training in the language was also important to the non-Muslim scribal castes like the Khatris of the Punjab who serviced the … (eds) Sikhism. Springer, Dordrecht. The Modern, or Mohammedan, Persian literature, extends from about the tenth century A.D. till our own days, and is by far the richest of the four. In its ancient forms it is more closely connected with Vedic Sanskrit than with any other language except Armenian. Yet Persian literature has never received the attention it truly deserves. In: Mandair AP.S. History to the Rise of Media. After the fall of the Sassanian Empire and with it the gradual decline of Middle Persian as a literary language, New Persian literature emerged in Transoxiana, beyond the frontiers of present-day Iran, and was written and read in India even before it became firmly established in cities such as Isfahan on the Iranian plateau. Encyclopedia of Indian Religions. In Pahlavi, or Middle Persian,literature there are likewise numerous allusions to the Jews (see Pahlavi Literature, Jews in). Judæo-Persian literature boasts of two dictionaries that deserve notice: one entitled "Sefer ha-Meliẓah," by Solomon b. Samuel of the fourteenth century; the other, "Agron," by Moses ben Aaron ben She'erit of Shirwan of the fifteenth century. The most famous poet was Mowlānā Shāhin-i Shirāzi (14th century CE), who composed epic versifications of parts of the Bible, such as the Musā-nāmah (an epic poem recounting the story of Moses); later poets composed lyric poetry of a Sufi cast. The rise, development, and progress of Modern Persian literature is intimately connected with the rise, development, and progress of Arabian, or Mohammedan, religious life and literature. Drawn from the legendary past of Iran, they reflect the attitudes of the society to which they first belonged - attitudes towards the confrontation of good and evil, the actions of the gods, yazats (lesser gods), and the exploits of heroes and fabulous creatures. This famous work from the Royal Asiatic Society is an indispensable tool for all serious students of Persian history and culture, and a welcome companion to Persian Literature in its most glorious period. PERSIAN LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE.The Pers. The Persian language, ancient and modern alike, is an Aryan tongue. Pre-Islamic Persian literature consists of religious texts, the most notable of which is the Avesta, a collection of liturgic fragments, and the later Pahlavi writing of the Sassanid period. In referring to the consecutive span of classical Persian literature, I mean here the aesthetic and cultural concerns expressed in Persian between the ninth century, with the advent of papermaking in [JB] This entry is taken from the Encyclopedia of … At the heart of the Golden Age of Persian literature were the mystic and didactic works of Sadi and Jalal ad-Din Rumi. It spans over two-and-a-half millennia. He has contributed articles on Iran and Persian literature to many reference works, including The Encyclopedia Britannica, The Encyclopaedia Iranica, and The Encyclopedia of Translation Studies. 1. Life of the Persian poet Rudaki, "the father of Persian Literature". The Book of One Thousand and One Nights; D. Diwan (poetry) S. Shahnameh; Sinbad the Sailor This page was last changed on 21 September 2014, at 06:10. I. Literature. Entry for 'Persian Versions' - Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature - One of 8 Bible encyclopedias freely available, this encyclopedia, with it's nearly 50,000 entries and 17 millin words, dwarfs modern Bible encyclopedias with the depth of knowledge. Also worth noting are Iraqi (d. c.1288), author of the Lamaat, a mystic compendium of prose and poetry with pantheistic inclinations, and Amir Khusraw (1253–1324), a Persian-speaking Indian poet. At its height, it encompassed the areas of modern-day Iran, Egypt, Turkey, and parts of Afghanistan and Pakistan. Entry for 'Persian Language And Literature (Ancient):' - International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - One of 8 Bible encyclopedias freely available, the ISBE is hailed for its authoritative explanations of every significant word, person and place Quotations from the Qurʾān in Persian literature Bibliography The influence of the Qurʾān on Persian language and literature has been pervasive but at the same time, diffuse and often mediated, making it difficult, in the absence of methodologically rigorous studies … Over the course of a millennium (ca. Persian literature (ادبیات فارسی adabiyāt-e fārsi), comprises oral compositions and written texts in the Persian language and it is one of the world's oldest literatures. A good starting point for consideration of Persian literature is Persian Literature (anth 1988) ed Ehsan Yarshater. Persian mythology are traditional tales and stories of ancient origin, all involving extraordinary or supernatural beings. Language: (Introductory). خواندمیر هروی ("Xandmir-e Heravi" in Encyclopedia of Persian Language and Literature in the Subcontinent) The Islamic conquest of Iran in the 7th cent. Pre-Islamic Persian literature consists of religious texts, the most notable of which is the Avesta, a collection of liturgic fragments, and the later Pahlavi writing of the Sassanid period. Persian literature flourishes under the Samanid Dynasty which encourages some its greatest poets. Encyclopedia of Modern Asia This six-volume set covers all aspects of modern Asia, including economics, religion, technology, politics, education, the arts, environmental issues, international relations, and scientific advances. Storey's History of Qur'anic Literature, including the Additions and Corrections, and Index. Pages in category "Persian literature" The following 4 pages are in this category, out of 4 total. Thamar E. Gindin and Vera B. Moreen, “Judeo-Persian Literature”, in: Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, Executive Editor Norman A. Stillman. was accompanied 859 CE - c. 940 CE. Persian literature (Persian: ادبیات فارسی ‎‎) is one of the world's oldest literatures.It spans two-and-a-half millennia, though much of the pre-Islamic material has been lost.Its sources have been within Greater Iran including present-day Iran, Iraq, the Caucasus, and Turkey, as well as regions of Central Asia where the Persian language has historically been the national language. Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. Persian literature (Persian: ادبیات فارسی ‎ or ادبیات پارسی) spans two-and-a-half millennia, though much of the pre-Islamic material has been lost. Pre-Islamic and Early Islamic Literature. This volume is the second part of C.A. to 331 B.C.E. Persian language, ancient and modern alike, is an extensive Judeo-Persian religious... 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