Cameroon utility Electricity Development Corp. (EDC) invites expressions of interest from consultants to develop a framework for integrated water resources management in the Sanaga River Basin, site of more than half of Cameroon's 13,700 MW of hydropower potential. Cameroon’s location on the Atlantic coast in central Africa between latitude 2° and 13°north, has a huge and diversified water resources potential. On the western highlands of Cameroon, the most common cash crop is coffee. The country has experienced strong economic growth with GDP growth averaging 4% annually between 2004 and 2008. There is also a station at Lagdo on the Benue River. EPI Performance; Ethiopia: 34.4: Fiji: 34.4: The investment share of GDP has to increase from 20% in 2015 to reach 30% in 2035 and the country’s productivity has to grow at a rate of 2% over the same period from the zero growth rate at the moment. Cameroon is blessed with abundant water resources. Because the region at the time was remote and prices of metals such nickel were low, it did not draw much attention. Box 30577, 00100, Nairobi, Kenya Tel: +(254) 20 322 6300 E-mail: wspaf@worldbank.org Web site: www.wsp.org. According to Tansi [16] , there are no guidelines in Cameroon relating to RE alone, but there are laws passed by the Cameroonian government dealing with energy of which RE is incorporated. Of the 322 billion cubic meters of total available water resources, groundwater constitutes 21% (57 billion cubic meters) of this resource (Ako Ako et al. Malgré ces efforts positifs du gouvernement, il y’a encore beaucoup à faire pour assurer une gestion améliorée de l’eau, y compris la reconnaissance de la connexion entre les bassins versants et nos villes. What Are The Major Natural Resources Of Ecuador? Since gaining independence in 1960, Cameroon has enjoyed political stability, which has aided economic growth and development of the country’s infrastructure and t… La ville de Douala, qui a été récemment frappée par des inondations extrêmes voit des projets se développer et se réaliser dans les zones affectées. Challenges. The southern part of the country is largely a plateau and crops common in this part of the country include su… Significant sections of the population suffer mainly due to poor water management and limited ex-ploitation of existing water sources rather than actual water shortage/scarcity. I recently worked on developing the Dakar City Water Story as part of the IWA’s Cities of the Future Programme. Cameroon. Found on every continent on Earth! EPI Scores for this country and peers based on similar characteristics. We organised numerous events on these key issues, and by doing so began to understand the many factors which contribute to flooding and other water management issues. Over the same period, the country’s reserves quadrupled to reach $3 billion. Poverty in Cameroon is widespread, and as of 2009, approximately a third of the Cameroonians live below the poverty line of $1.25 in a day. Toggle Navigation Main Menu. 2009; Sigha-Nkamdjou et al. Mangroves grow along the coasts and at the mouths of rivers. Ceci m’a amené à me demander si le gouvernement faisait suffisamment d’efforts pour lutter contre les effets des inondations à Maroua et dans tout le pays. Mule. Just about 12% of Cameroon's total land area remains arable (Land good for farming). Yet, households are deprived of clean water and sanitation due to state-owned water corporation’s deficiency. Surface water: 94 %; Ground water: 35 %; Overlap is water shared by both the surface water and groundwater systems: 33 %; Incoming Waters: 4 %. 1998). In 2002, Cameroon had as renewable water resources, 283.5 billion m. 3. per year which corresponded to an annual. He currently volunteers with Engineers Without Borders USA as a member of their COVID19 Tactica... © All Rights Reserved, Copyright 2019, International Water Association. Climate change impacts are increasingly severe, more frequent and less predictable, impacting the wellbeing of societies, the economy and the sustainable manage... Boris Mbia is an engineer in hydraulic and water management specializing in hydraulic engineering, with experience in both the private and public sectors. Cameroon’s main water resources are: Surface water is water from river, lake or fresh water wetland, which can be treated using different methods, such as Ultrafiltration Systems, Brackish Water RO. We had to wait two more days before we could go out again. Outgoing Waters 2: 14 %. The government of Cameroon has an ambitious plan with the aim of making the country an emerging economy by 2035. This framework, now available in French, can provide ideas on how to manage and reduce the impact of water-related hazards in our country. The first offshore oil production in Cameroon began in 1977, and the country’s annual production has fallen steadily since 1985. All Animals ... Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders! Average precipitation (1961–90 from IPCC (mm/year). According to the US EIA, Cameroon had 200 million barrels of proven oil reserves in 2012. With 663 million individuals who lack access to clean water, it is apparent that the condition of water in many places around the world is very poor. Over the same period, the public debt was brought down from more than 60% of the GDP to about 10% of the GDP. Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) is a promising approach in ensuring sustainable management of Cameroon's water resources. The IWA Action Agenda for Basin-Connected Cities provides a framework for urban stakeholders including water utilities, municipalities and industries to utilise. Water Supply and Sanitation in Cameroon. The country’s climate varies from tropical in the coastal regions to semiarid and hot in the north. Nous avons organisé de nombreux événements sur ces questions clés et, ce faisant, nous avons commencé à comprendre les facteurs qui contribuent aux inondations et à d’autres problèmes de la gestion de l’eau. Water resources in the country. In 2004, gold produced in the whole of Cameroon was estimated to 44,000 pounds and was largely produced by small-scale miners particularly in the eastern region of Cameroon. The World’s Largest Oil Reserves By Country, Top Cotton Producing Countries In The World. Pendant ce temps passé à Maroua, j’ai vu comment les populations étaient affectées par les inondations à chaque saison de pluies à cause de la mauvaise gestion de l’eau. What Are The Major Natural Resources Of South Korea? In terms of quantity, it is the second potential in Africa after the Democratic Republic of Congo. While admittedly starting from a much lower … Pour plus d’informations sur l’Association des jeunes professionnels de l’eau du Cameroun, veuillez visiter ce lien. Oil and gas. Par exemple, les plaines inondables peuvent être occupées par les populations et aussi être des points de commerce qui, si elles ne sont pas gérées avec soin, peuvent accroître la vulnérabilité aux effets des inondations. It covers an area of 475,440 km2and has a population of 20,129,878 according to 2012 estimates. The government has also tried to encourage the growth of tourism in the country. Expanding development is threatening already vulnerable areas. The national oil company, Societe Nationale des Hydrocarbures, is responsible for managing the oil sector in the country. However, its significance has reduced substantially when oil was discovered in the country. D’autres projets sont en cours de réalisation dans d’autres villes du pays. Despite these positive steps from the Government, there is still a long way to go to ensure improved water management, including recognizing the connection between watersheds and our cities. By continuing to use the website you are consenting to the use of cookies. There are large numbers of orchids and ferns. As one measure of this, access to improved water resources in rural Cameroon increased from 34% to 53% from 1990-2015, as recorded by the UN’s Millennium Development Goals. Cameroon is located in Central Africa between Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea. In both rural and urban areas, people suffer because of the poor water quality in Cameroon. The increasing prices of minerals and metals prompted the different companies to prospect for the mineral in the country particularly in the southeastern part of the country where UNDP and the country’s Ministry of Mines, Water and Energy had first found mineral deposits between 1981 and 1986. Mouse. When the rainy season hit, I spent three days in my student room with a friend who lived nearby in a flooded part of the city. For example, flood plains can be occupied by people and also be trading points, which if not managed carefully, can increase vulnerability to the impacts of flooding. Oil resources are abundant in Cameroon, making its GDP one of the highest in sub-Saharan Africa — aluminum, raw and roasted cocoa beans, raw cotton, and gold are some of its other major exported goods. Cameroon plans to increase Yaounde’s water supply … After the flood had receded, we noticed the damage: electronics were destroyed, drinking water was contaminated, and other valuables were water damaged. Despite the diminishing production of oil, the county is currently the 6th biggest producer of oil in Sub Saharan Africa, and by 2003 it was producing 667,000 barrels daily. De plus, les cours d’eau sont souvent remplis d’ordures provoquant des blocages et des problèmes de qualité de l’eau. Generally, rainfall is high and this provide for the abundant surface and groundwater resources. Cameroon has numerous natural resources such as oil and gas, minerals, land, and beautiful scenery among others. Cameroon is a Francophone country except for the two southern regions bordering Nigeria, which are Anglophone. The country’s real GDP has to grow by an average of 8% between 2015 and 2035. About 42 % of Cameroonians do In Douala, which has been recently hit by extremes floods, there are many projects being developed and implemented in affected areas. During my time in Maroua, I saw how the population was affected by flooding every rainy season due to poor water management. Community members must trek to a stream in order to collect their drinking water-- thus leaving many to drinking dirty water. In 2001, the country’s oil output was 76,600 barrels a day compared to 1999 when the daily production stood at 100,000 barrels a day. Discover Cameroonian animals you've never heard of, and learn amazing facts about the ones you have! 1. It entails management of water for various purposes and not for a single purpose which therefore involves different stake holders aiming at achieving sustainable water resources management. There were heavy rains on the first day and by the following day it became impossible for us to cross the road as the water level easily reached our hips. Water resource management in Cameroon is a severe constraint to poverty alleviation and to sustainable de-velopment. To create a space to discuss possible solutions to flooding and many other water-related issues, I founded the Young Water Professional Association of Cameroon, in collaboration with the International Water Association (IWA). Some points of this approach are being incorporated in several projects in Cameroon, as described below. Cameroon is endowed with an abundance of natural resources, including in the agricultural, mining, forestry, and oil and gas sectors. In the 1990s, the country developed and production of oil started in Kribi-Campo basin, and in 1996, the Ebome field began producing oil. Plans are also underway to develop Doba basin oil field and construction of a pipeline connecting Chad and Cameroon with the loan from World Bank valued at $93 million. En 2019, le gouvernement a lancé un plan de contingence de gestion des inondations dans la région de l’Extrême Nord du Cameroun. water. Le Programme d’Actions des Villes Connectées à leurs Bassins Versants de IWA offre un cadre à utiliser par les acteurs urbains comme les compagnies d’eau, les municipalités et les industries. Cameroon had no industrial mining in the country as of 2008, and some of the minerals in the country include nepheline, iron ore, syenite, rutile, nickel, granite, gold, cobalt, and bauxite among others. Agricultural activities are carried out on the subsistence scale using simple implements. There are 250,000 different species! The dispute between Nigeria and Cameroon on the oil-rich Bakassi region was ruled in favor of Cameroon by the International Court of Justice. Après que l’inondation eût reculé, nous constations les dégâts : ses appareils électroniques étaient détruits, l’eau potable était contaminée, et d’autres objets de valeur étaient endommagés par l’eau. 283 billion m³/year. According to the Energy Information Administration (EIA), the country’s estimated oil reserves in 2004 were about 400 million barrels. Lorsque survint la saison des pluies, j’ai passé trois jours dans ma chambre d’étudiant avec un ami qui vivait à proximité d’un quartier inondé de la ville. One experience that lives with me to this day was the flooding we encountered during my time as a student in Maroua, north Cameroon. The country is sometimes identified as West African and sometimes as Central African, mainly because of its strategic position between the two regions. Learn about all the amazing animals in Cameroon. C’était aussi une opportunité pour moi de réfléchir et trouver des solutions robustes pour faire face aux inondations et leurs impacts. The southern part of the country is largely a plateau and crops common in this part of the country include sugar, coffee, and tobacco. Cameroon is a country sandwiched between Central Africa and West Africa. The country’s Societe Nationale des Hydrocarbures in conjunction with GDF Suez intends to construct a natural gas plant in the country. For example, by improving planning, increasing stakeholder engagement, as well as greater use of monitoring and sharing data, this can help with decisions on water resource management from catchment to tap. After the flood had receded, we noticed the damage: electronics were destroyed, drinking water was contaminated, and other valuables were water damaged. Most of the Cameroonian land is suitable for arboriculture and agriculture, and it was estimated that about 70% of the country’s farms and agriculture accounted for 19.8% of the GDP in 2009. Ces populations voient les abords des rivières plus propres et les impacts des inondations réduits. Par exemple, en améliorant la planification, en augmentant l’engagement des parties prenantes, ainsi qu’en utilisant davantage les données de suivi et de partage, cela peut aider à prendre des décisions sur la gestion des ressources en eau du bassin versant au robinet. For several decades from the 1980s, the country has been pursuing different programs advised by the IMF and the World Bank with the attempt to reduce poverty, which includes privatizing industries and increasing economic growth. This is the sum of renewable groundwater and renewable surface water resources (both internal and external) Renewable Water Resources. Moth. Cameroon is a fairly stable country in terms of its diverse geography and its plethora of natural resources. Cameroon is the second country in Africa (after the Democratic Republic of Congo) in terms of quantity of available water resources estimated to be 322 billion cubic meters (Mafany and Fantong 2006). The country is a member of the Central African Economic and Monetary Community (CEMAC), and it is the largest economy in the community. The Cameroon government consists of the following ministries: Ministry of Culture J’ai pu vivre et témoigner des effets néfastes de la mauvaise gestion des bassins versants sur une ville. Political Context Until 1978, the main driver of economic growth and foreign exchange earner was agriculture. It is also estimated that the country has vast quantities of liquid petroleum gas which remains unexploited and estimates according to the Energy Information Administration (EIA), the country has reserves of natural gas standing at about 3.9 billion cubic feet. This can help them take actions to better connect and improve their surrounding watersheds, including managing floods, increasing water availability and improving the quality of water for different uses. A Yaoundé, un projet soutenu par l’Agence Française de Développement est en cours de réalisation pour augmenter la capacité de drainage des cours d’eaux du bassin du Mfoundi afin de limiter les inondations dans la capitale du pays. What Are The Major Natural Resources Of Japan? Historically and geographically, the country is in West Africa, although it is not a member state of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). In Yaoundé, a project supported by the French Agency for Development is being carried out to increase the drainage capacity of the rivers of the Mfoundi watershed to limit flooding in the capital city. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Cameroon has one of the largest gas reserves in Africa, estimated at over 3.5 trillion cubic meters. Flooding, which has been recently hit by extremes floods, there steps! 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