Owing to his strict observance of equity and his treatment of people of various classes of society without any distinction, selfish people and transgressors became critical of the policies and the administration of justice initiated by Imam Ali but all their crooked tactics and criticisms could not deviate him from the path of monotheism and Divine Justice. This is certain that even a child knows about injustice even though he may not tell you so with his tongue. The third cause which makes man deviate from the path of justice is the giving and taking of bribes. (Majma'ul Bayan, vol. (iii) Do not be partial to any family in giving shares from the Public Treasury. (Surah al-Baqarah, 2:194), Allah does not forbid you to deal kindly and justly with those who have not fought against you about the religion or expelled you from your homes. (Usul Kafi, vol. The Holy Imam invited all his white and black-skinned servants and without any hesitation seated himself amongst them. Quran focuses on justice; there is no government style in Quran. (iii) All of us have been raised from dust and we shall be reduced to dust. From the careful study of the Holy Qur'an we find that there is an aspect of justice pervading all affairs and in all the laws and commandments, moderation and impartiality. In the Age of Ignorance the larger the tribe was the greater was its dignity among the people. (Hayat Imam Hasan, Baqir Sharif Qarashi, vol. The people further argued that since the Jews had perpetrated cruelties on them, it was of no significance if one of their men was unjustly punished for the crime. Recitation . This was the method adopted by the Holy Imam. Ask a colleague if they need help on a project or with an upcoming deadline. He experienced true social justice. They replied: "We are one of the first who embraced Islam and we are closely related to the Holy Prophet. Qambar who was one of the devoted followers of the Holy Imam was ordered to enforce the sentence of punishment but out of anger he whipped her with three extra lashes. Imam Ja'far Sadiq says. They will give their decision in accordance with the Divine laws. Keywords: social, justice, man, Quran, diversity I. We quote hereunder some instances: (i) When Islam wants to prohibit drinking of liquor it first points out to its apparent benefits which accrue from its distillation and sale and its advantages from the medical point of view. Get the best viral stories straight into your inbox! It confirms the Bible. On such occasions Islam guides the people to refer to the Holy Prophet. So far as your complaints about equal distribution of wealth are concerned, I want to tell you that here too I am strictly following the Holy Qur'an and the Sunnah of the Holy Prophet. It will be the day when a physician who is not able to diagnose a malady, will honestly admit he could not know the nature of the disease. The Quran puts great emphasis on the right to seek justice and the duty to do justice. Those who do not judge according to what Allah has revealed are unjust. Rights for Protecting Faith, Life, Posterity, Property and Reason. In order that people should maintain discipline he kept the people at a distance by means of ropes and himself distributed the whole of it to the representatives of the various tribes. II). These open merits and good qualities for example priority in embracing Islam, superiority in knowledge, piety, and jihad etc. (Surah Bani Isra'il, 17:27). (Surah al-Ma'idah, 5:45). They complained of treating an Arab and a non-Arab on equal footing. Two women came to take their shares from Baytul Mal (Public Treasury). XVIII, p. 158), Imam Ali used to instruct the tax-collector thus: "In whatever zone you go, you should arrange your stay near the bank of a river but do not stay with anyone in any event because your becoming his guest will influence your official duty to collect the tax". The Holy Qur'an says: He (the Messenger)enjoins them to do good and forbids them to do all that is unlawful, makes lawful for them all that is pure and unlawful that is filthy, removes their burdens and entanglements in which they are involved. He said to him: "Be very-careful about the following three basic problems: (i) You should not adopt any discrimination between the criminals when you award them punishments. Islam has taken so much care that it says that the judge should not go to the market to buy things for himself lest any concession in price given to him should influence him into becoming partial to the merchant in his decision. Allah created us and showed us the ways of achieving our eternal prosperity by following the teachings of the Holy Prophet of Islam. Similarly, people in… The Holy Prophet further said: "The deed of justice performed by a leader for one day for his people is better than the deeds of the man who spends fifty or hundred years amongst his family members in the worship of Allah". Why People are Distracted From Truth Despite Their Good Deeds? Tune in with Sh. Indeed, if we give the pious and the virtuous people a large share from the Public Treasury we shall be committing double errors: Firstly we have underrated the value of merits; and secondly we have made the sincerity of the meritorious people dubious, since we have diverted their attention towards worldly gains, and obviously if we assess the inner qualities and spiritual perfection through giving a greater or smaller share from the Public Treasury, it means that we have done an irreparable harm to merit and perfection and to those who tread that path. A validation e-mail has been sent to your e-mail address. Sometimes several people commit theft jointly but when the question of distribution of the booty comes they talk of making a just and equitable distribution. Nazmina Dhanji delivers the 7th talk in the Muharram 1438 series at Mahfil Ali. The influential people looked down upon the followers of Prophet Nuh and insulted them. Some well-wishers of Imam Ali approached him and suggested to him to show special favors to the leading heads of the tribe of Quraysh and other influential people by granting them higher share for unless he gave preferential treatment to them as against the slaves and the non-Arabs he would not be able to gain their support and they would rebel against him and would go towards Mu'awiya's side. (ii) In spite of all the characteristic qualities that are found in Islamic ideology, the Holy Qur'an does not at all neglect the past Scriptures. Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said, “Verily Allah does not look to your faces and your wealth but He looks to your heart and to your deeds.”. Imam Ja'far Sadiq said: "The supplication of a just leader is never refused". The other companion told Samurah that he had no objection to his coming over there to look after his tree, but he should first inform him of his arrival before entering the garden so that his wife and children might keep themselves secluded. (Jacques Roux, French Revolution Martyr) 2. It’s encouraged to be kind, compassionate and helpful to all people, not just those with similar beliefs, race, social status or wealth. One was a Muslim and the other a Jew. If it recommends excluding an offender it also insists on enforcement of punitive laws and making no remissions in punishments. Islam advises division of work for various purposes so that time may be allocated to different pieces of work including worship of Allah, picnics and lawful enjoyments. In all congregational prayers including Friday prayers the man who leads the prayers must be just and honest. In Islam, justice is also a moral virtue and an attribute of human personality, as it is in the Western tradition. It is in human nature that man supports the cause of injustice and wages war against injustice. Surah 'Abasa refers to this very incident and warns the speaker who had knit his brows, because possibly the blind man had a better understanding and sense of accepting the truth than other wellknown people. Besides that awarding punishment in accordance with the Divine laws is in itself worship, if personal vengeance is not involved in it. (Surah 'Abasa, 80:1-3). Retrouvez Social Justice in Islam et des millions de livres en stock sur Amazon.fr. The most honorable among you in the sight of Allah is the most pious of you. The author of Tafsirul Manarafter narrating this event says that caliph Umar showed his inclination towards the proposal of the proud people of Quraysh and said to the Holy Prophet: "You may remove these poor people from you for a few days just to test these proud people and to know if there is any sincerity in their suggestions. Qur'an Questions 1. (Walayat-i Faqih). Islam teaches us to be fair towards everybody even if that means going against your own self. The Quran translated into many languages in a simple and easy interface. Then they were asked to give up their feeling of superiority, and that they should go to the same place where others were going. (See. Justice And Balance: The first thing that will be present in an Islamic society is justice and balance.Before the advent of Islam the Arab society was living in darkness where there was neither any justice nor any balance in the society and all that was there for … It strongly condemns people “who give short measure” in their business dealings (83:1—6); exploit the orphans (4:10); “act like tyrants” (26:130); set out to “spread corruption” … Verses in the Quran about justice watch video, Adnan Oktars comments and opinions about Verses in the Quran about justice, watch related articles, videos, interviews and documentries for Verses in the Quran about justice, share on facebook, share on twitter In this regard Islam takes special care so much so that it emphasizes that if in a feast the host starts the washing of the hands of his guest from the right side before the meals begin the reverse process should be adopted i.e. Did you know Islam embraces Social Justice and teaches the importance of implementing it in our daily lives? (Surah al-A'raf, 7:31), We allowed you to consume the pure sustenance which We had given you but not to become rebels, lest you should become subjected to My Torment. But it should be borne in mind that you should not attack them first; rather, just as they attack you, you should also do similarly. After we have dealt with the Justice of Allah we now switch over to social justice. Their faces were pale due to starvation. (Vide: Wilayat-i Faqih, Imam Khumayni). I. p. 388). However, Jihad actually means “strife” or “struggle”. Two young boys wrote two different writings and came to Imam Hasan for a decision. Prior to the advent of Islam. 60:8), If you want retaliation, let it be equal to that which you faced. In life men interest clashes with that of another man and there arise disputes and confrontations. Excellent is that which Allah instructs you. But if you exercise patience it will be better for you. By giving this ideological reply he quieted them and proved to them that according to Islamic ideology and in the eyes of Allah all are equal and such boastful claims have no worth. The Quran and Sunnah (authentic traditions of Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him) are clear in articulating the purpose of revelation as being the liberation of human beings from the false worship of anything other than the Creator and the establishment of justice for all creation, including the human and natural worlds. Muslim Women enjoy privileges only given to women in modern times. It was only Imam Ali who took care to buy his requirements from a shopkeeper who did not know him or if he sent somebody else to make purchases nobody knew for whom the goods were being purchased. (Surah al-A'raf, 7:157). the courts of law. You who believe! The nature of the complaint was that the government official was discriminating between his relatives and the general public and allotted a larger share from the Public Treasury to his relatives. There are two main reasons for turning away from justice. Suppose a judge gives a decision in your favour and you know that it was the result of the bribe that you gave him and the property that comes under your possession is unlawful, thus the apparent decision of the judge, in reality does not confer the right of ownership of the property on you. How One Can Avoid Polytheism and False Hopes? One who spends his wealth in evil ways and on wrong persons, is deprived, by the Lord, of the gratitude of those over whom he had spent; these undeserving beneficiaries usually turn against him and at the time of distress and need he finds them as his worst enemies, censuring his actions and blaming him for his lavish grants". It is necessary to understand one basic principle about justice. The Holy Prophet used to sit among his companions in a circle in such a way that there was no distinguishable position for anyone. 2. XI, p. 80) 154, Imam Ja'far Sadiq said: "Muslims are the worthy sons of Islam and I do not discriminate between them in the matter of distributing shares from the Public Treasury. (Sayings of Imam Ali, Peak of Eloquence, ISP, 1984). And equality is also an empty shell when the rich, by exercising their economic monopolies, have the power of life or death over other members of the community”. The goal is to bring harmony and cohesion in each and every society. He, therefore, demanded a larger share for him from the Public Treasury. (Sermon 221, Peak of Eloquence, ISP, 1984)148. SHAFAQNA (International Shia News Agency) –After we have dealt with the Justice of Allah we now switch over to social justice. Abdullah Oduro, Sh. (vi) Establishing a Society Based on Justice The Prophets founded a society in which the people should establish justice and treat others without any consideration of caste, creed, political or economic differences. (v) Allah's creatures cannot exceed the limits and the unlawful rights which the Creator has set for them. Imam Ali said: "Justice is the essence of the people's welfare as well as the adherence to the Divine path". (v) If the law-makers are free from any political, tribal, zonal or racial bias, then on what standard will they enact just and fair laws for all the people and for all the time to come? Justice, as defined in the Quran, commands mankind to behave in a fair and just manner. They should shun such hasty decisions. See more ideas about Islam, Islamic quotes, Quran. But when Islam came, it eliminated undue discriminations among various sections and classes of people. Islam teaches the importance of equality and gradually abolished slavery. Similarly, if someone breaks somebody's tooth or inflicts a wound the latter can do the same to the former. At this the Holy Imam said: 'Then why do you want to have more?" But later it points out that its harmful effects far exceed its benefits. That is, what we eat should be lawful, pure, and of our liking, and we should observe the rules of piety in obtaining it. The Quran lays out specific and in some cases extensive rules on the topic of social justice. A strong sense of social justice is important for creating a more equal society. The Holy Qur'an says: You may eat their fruits that they produce but pay Allah's share on the harvest day. The Holy Prophet used to associate with the people in so simple a dress that whenever a stranger happened to go to the Masjid, he was unable to recognize the Holy Prophet. There are two ways in which justice operates: in a legal sense and in a divine sense. The Holy Imam at once understood what they meant by saying that thing and asked: "What share did the Holy Prophet allocate to you people?". Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said, “A man is not a believer who fills his stomach while his neighbor is hungry.”. The Holy Qur'an says. It is necessary that the mujtahid (jurist) whom we follow, the President, the Prime Minister, the Finance Minister and the man pronouncing the formula of divorce are all just and honest. The purpose of Sharia is social justice and the cohesion of society. Omar Suleiman, Sh. Suzana Nabil Saad has many years of experience in Islamic outreach work. The By-Laws of Justice in the Qur’an | Qur’anic Reflections Episode 1 . If the enemies kill you, you people should also kill them because that is the only punishment for the infidels. Islam is not only a religion, but a system of social justice pertaining to the needs of everyone. Islam besides ordaining the wearing of civilized dress and enjoining people to do good and restraining them from evil so as to make the Islamic society virtuous has also recommended corporal punishment for the sinners. (2018, October 08). (iv) Everybody is the servant of Allah and to treat everyone with love and affection becomes the source of Allah's pleasure and the best man is he who is the best well-wisher of others. Therefore, we should always safeguard the principle of justice and never think of attracting the people either through money or intimidation and threats. It is necessary to throw some light on the subject of moderation in offering prayers. (Surah al-Baqarah, 2:188). Hence, in Islam no one should harm anybody nor anybody should get himself harmed by anyone. Indeed, Allah is Knowing and Acquainted.” [Noble Quran 49:13]. The Holy Prophet called Samurah and admonished him, but to no effect. In the discussions on justice the basic problem is to give satisfactory answer to its criticism. Allah (swt) has commanded us to protect the rights of others, to be fair and just with people, to side with the one who is under oppression, to help and be fair with the needy and orphans, and to be just and not go beyond the boundaries set by Allah, even with our enemies. But the Holy Prophet considered an unjust decision a disgrace for Islam. Justice in the Quran from Wikipedia Justice is a central theme in the Qur’an, dictating the traditions of law and how should put into practice. Attributes of the Prophets and the Life of the Last Prophet, Proof of Infallibility for a Divine Leader, Prophets-the Warners and Bearers of Glad Tidings, Sufferings of the Followers of the Prophets. (ii) Is there any law maker who has never been impartial and who has not been influenced by personal prejudices? In the days of the caliphate of Umar, a man filed a suit against Imam Ali and both the parties were summoned by the court. Do not follow your own desires and deviate from the truth. Indeed, God loves those who act justly.” [Noble Quran 60:8]. Therefore, Imam Ali advised his son Imam Hasan to pay attention to the decision as whatever decision you make you will be answerable before the Divine Justice on the Day of Judgment. Justice in Islam means giving equal rights to your fellow Muslims without any discrimination. Such a great care and attention would never be found in any other code of ethics. In the absence of the Imams, this responsibility falls on the shoulders of the religious scholars, and jurists, who besides possessing a keen sense of justice, thorough religious knowledge, political acumen and administrative abilities have the capacity to deduce the true meaning of the Qur'anic verses and the narrations of the infallible Imams. 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