Therefore, it would make absolutely no sense for the chief priests to then turn around and use the “blood money” to purchase a homestead or dwelling place (as Luke describes the property in Acts 1:18, 20) for Judas to reside, especially in light of his apparent suicide (as in Matthew). Remember how they argued among themselves who would be greatest and who would sit on Jesus right and left? He is the same one who appeared to you along the road. I give some discussion to it in my book The Lost Gospel of Judas Iscariot. Saul was blinded.  Strauss' thesis was further developed by Ernest Renan (1863) and Albert Réville (1897). But worry not, for Luke never attempts to portray the chief priests as buying a homestead for Judas anyway. ERGO: they must be something else. Mark 16:14 So we must ask if a man has the chutzpah to steal another’s story is it more likely he would halve the number saved or double it to make him look heroic? Mark knows there are only 11 disciples after the resurrection The Gospel of John was written some time after 80 or 90 CE. Did Paul know about this tradition? For the time being, I’m willing to put Matthew at Yavne/Jamnia, Luke-Acts in Rome, and Mark in Alexandria.  This, according to the gospels, was the stance of Jesus, who defended it in an exchange with the Sadducees: "Those who are accounted worthy ... to the resurrection from the dead neither marry nor are given in marriage, for they ... are equal to the angels and are children of God..." (Mark 12:24–25, Luke 20:34–36). As Paul even states in Romans “…and thus I aspired to preach the gospel, not where Christ was already named, so that I would not build on another man’s foundation”. Proponents of that theory have cited the “handed over” versus “betrayed” distinction, favoring the former. I’ve always wondered about this. While Jesus’ appearance to Paul may have been different in character from Christ’s pre-ascension appearances, this encounter with Paul was no merely subjective vision, as both Jesus’ voice (Acts 9:7) and the bright light (Acts 22:9) were perceived by Paul’s traveling companions. To consider Josephus puts the number of passengers at more than twice that of Luke’s account and seems also to imply all were saved (though I’m unclear what “prevented the rest” means exactly). DrEhrman September 17, 2019 at 8:14 amLog in to Reply. This is assuming Judas did betray Jesus–as opposed to doing what Jesus wanted him to do. Appearance to Paul (Ac. Mary of Clopas is suggested to be the same as “Mary, the mother of James the younger and Joses”, “Mary the mother of James and Joseph” and the “other Mary” in Jesus’ crucifixion and post-resurrection accounts in the Synoptic Gospels. After all, it says so in the Gospels…. Dr Ehrman,  He goes beyond the ordinary Greco-Roman forms, however, by having Jesus claim "all authority ... in heaven and on earth" (28:18) – a claim no Roman hero would dare make – while charging the apostles to bring the whole world into a divine community of righteousness and compassion. Whether it was in the body or out of the body I do not know – God knows;" Elsewhere in the Epistles Paul speaks of "glory" and "light" and the "face of Jesus Christ," and while the language is obscure it is plausible that he saw Jesus exalted, enthroned in heaven at the right hand of God. The vision elevated this feeling of guilt, and Peter experienced it as a real appearance of Jesus, raised from dead. Thus on the criterion of multiple sourcing, tain’t so, and on the criterion of embarrassment, ’tis. i have an off topic question. Teh betrayal looks pretty solid historically. Shipwrecks along the Mediterranean, alas, were very, very common back then. This revitalized the disciples, starting-off their new mission. The “chōrion” was to be Judas’ home, in other words. Acts 9:1-9 Jesus appears to Saul (also called Paul) five years later (in 35AD) on the road to Damascus in Syria (see 4 on Map 14). There are 4 opinions on this “500 witnesses event”: One would think so. Would you agree? In the third, the Jerusalem garrison follows Judas, who unwittingly brings them to Jesus. Here Jesus Christ connects the Apostolic ministry from Jerusalem…to Rome. We do not have any analogies to this kind of patronage authorship in antiquity. At the time when Felix was procurator of Judea there were certain priests of my acquaintance… Accordingly I came to Rome, though it were through a great number of hazards by sea; for as our ship was drowned in the Adriatic Sea, we that were in it, being about six hundred in number,  swam for our lives all the night; when, upon the first appearance of the day, and upon our sight of a ship of Cyrene, I and some others, eighty in all, by God’s providence, prevented the rest, and were taken up into the other ship. I find it interesting that Paul seems to suggest Cephas wasn’t one of the twelve: “and that He appeared to Cephas and then to the Twelve.”. He literally is not interested in Jesus the person. I’ve considered the option, but don’t hold to it. What Does It Even Mean to Have an “Original” of An Ancient Writing? Matthew has two post-Resurrection appearances, the first to Mary Magdalene and "the other Mary" at the tomb, and the second, based on Mark 16:7, to all the disciples on a mountain in Galilee, where Jesus claims authority over heaven and Earth and commissions the disciples to preach the gospel to the whole world. There is, in fact, only one: the author of Matthew (see 27:5). The Galilean appearances are not recorded in Mark and Luke but are described in Matthew 28:16–17 and John 21. But when I was in the twenty-sixth year of my age, it happened that I took a voyage to Rome, and this on the occasion which I shall now describe. b) Mark or his community made it to Alexandria where the tradition of Mark or his community was patronized to put their oral tradition into written form–and likely placed in one of the libraries of Alexandria. twelve”. Do We Have Paul’s Original Letter to the Philippians? The Lord chose Paul …  This development can be linked to the changing make-up of the Christian community: Paul and the earliest Christ-followers were Jewish, and Second Temple Judaism emphasised the life of the soul; the gospel-writers, in an overwhelmingly Greco-Roman church, stressed instead the pagan belief in the hero who is immortalised and deified in his physical body. I understand your interpretation, but I’d consider the text far too ambiguous to draw that conclusion.  This lists, in chronological order, a first appearance to Peter, then to "the Twelve," then to five hundred at one time, then to James (presumably James the brother of Jesus), then to "all the Apostles," and last to Paul himself. Maybe Paul had a bad (normal) memory and forgot whom he sent where.  Ehrman further notes that visions usually have a strong persuasive power, but that the Gospel-accounts also record a tradition of doubt about the appearances of Jesus. There is a growing scholarly opinion that John is not independent from the synoptic gospels. (See 1 Timothy 1:12-15; Acts 8:1-3; 9:1,2; 22:4,5; 26:9-11; 1 Corinthians 15:9; Galatians 1:13; Philippians 3:6.) Jesus, the Christ: Appears to his Disciples at Lake Galilee.  Paul does not mention any appearances to women, apart from "sisters" included in the 500; other New Testament sources do not mention any appearance to a crowd of 500. But I’ve read that when Paul wrote James as the Lord’s brother, he actually meant cousin. In the first telling, Judas actively colludes with the Jerusalem authorities and leads them to Jesus. But Paul supposedly met Peter before writing any of his epistles. Surely, we should see some evidence for this model, not only in Paul’s letters, but in the Gospels as well. Why wouldn’t the gospels mention that Jesus appeared to the 500 when Paul, writing decades earlier, says that he did? There is ge… why did the religious priests no longer fear possible riot when they got jesus crucified hours before high holy day ? In 1 Corinthians 15:8 Paul claims that "Last of all he appeared to me." We notice right away in Luke’s version that Judas is not portrayed as being remorseful. I would say that this view is dominant among critical scholars of the Bible who are still Christian, even if they don’t use the term “myth” anymore, as being problematic and dated. Look what the first Gospel says about the disciples when they are first appointed: Mk 3:14, “And he appointed twelve, whom he also named APOSTLES…”, and Mk 3:16, “So he appointed THE TWELVE…”. Re: “Another one, that I tend to prefer on most days, is that Paul talks about the appearance of Jesus to the twelve because he knows nothing about the tradition that Judas Iscariot betrayed Jesus and then died soon after. Fact, only one: the “ gospel of Matthew scholar posited the hypothesis that is. 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