Sexually transmitted diseases may leave a permanent scar in a teen’s life. [5], And other OTC drugs carry more serious risks: non-steroidal pain pills (NSAIDS) like ibuprofen can cause stomach bleeding; Sudafed can raise blood pressure; Tylenol can cause liver toxicity; antihistamines like Benadryl can worsen glaucoma and kidney disease; and diet pills can cause irregular heart beats and raise blood pressure. Several states including California, Maryland, Tennessee, and Washington allow birth control without a prescription. While most birth control methods require the girl to take action, boys should take responsibility, too. This alone displays maturity. Moving the Pill over-the-counter would eliminate the insurance companies as middle-man between women and the Pill, thus making the drugs less expensive. Plan B One-Step and other emergency contraception pills are available without a prescription and share the same active ingredient as daily birth control pills, levonorgestrel, but in a higher dose. [66] [67] The birth control in these cases is covered by insurance. It is estimated that 34 percent of the HIV infected persons are in … (2018, November 15). [14] [42] [43] [44], Making birth control pills OTC means they would no longer be covered by insurance and women would have to pay for them on their own. [76] The most recent data states that only 0.4% of American reproductive-aged women take progestin-only birth control pills, or about 2% of all women who take the Pill. Plan B, the emergency contraception that uses the same active ingredient as the Pill, was made available over-the-counter in 2006. Proper citation depends on your preferred or required style manual. Some people say that allowing teenagers to get contraceptives without first telling a parent encourages them to become sexually active and that, conversely, requiring teenagers to tell their parents before they get birth control would discourage sexual activity. The FDA-approved contraceptive methods that would not be available over-the-counter include IUDs (both copper and with progestin), the implantable rod, and shots such as Depo-Provera, plus sterilization procedures, all of which the FDA states are more effective than the Pill. Who is the author? Regardless of how old we are, we never stop learning. If birth control pills were available on pharmacy aisles, purchases would be public and subject to the judgment and gossip of anyone in sight. Our review strongly suggests that giving teens easier access to various contraceptives will not lead to more sex but would result in fewer unwanted pregnancies… [and] any future over-the-counter pill has the potential to benefit teens.” [21], In a survey of women seeking abortions, 72% said they were pregnant because they could not get the contraception they needed, and 32% reported an institutional reason such as the prescription requirement. The same survey found that 28% of women using no birth control and 32.7% of women using a less effective form of birth control would use OTC Pills, a market of about 11 million women. [1] A study found that women who received a one-year supply of Pills were 30% less likely to have an unplanned pregnancy and 46% less likely to have an abortion. [60] [61], When the Pill is available by prescription only, a doctor usually requires a well woman exam every one or three years in order to obtain or maintain a birth control prescription. [64] Teens want their contraceptive use kept private and accessing birth control in the middle of a pharmacy where they might run into a neighbor or teacher could stop some teens from preventing pregnancy. Most women can safely use birth control pills, but pill use may carry some risks and/or side effects. [32] The Border Contraceptive Access Study found that women who got the Pill OTC from a pharmacy in Mexico were adequately self-screening for contraindications. Based on the Word Net lexical database for the English Language. Teens in a variety of circumstances would be affected if required to obtain parental consent for contraception: A young woman seeking contraception from a clinic—birth control pills, DepoProvera, diaphragm—would be forced to obtain parental permission ; A minor who buys condoms at a pharmacy could be turned away without parental consent [52] This lack of knowledge, combined with increased sexual activity due to mistaken confidence in the inability to get pregnant, could lead to more teen pregnancies. [1] Unintended pregnancies cost the US federal and state governments $21 billion in 2010, the newest numbers available at the time of publication, with the average cost-per-birth being $12,770 for prenatal care, labor and delivery, postpartum care, and 12 months of infant care ($20,716 for 60 months). However, Pap smears are now recommended every three years instead of every year, and only after a woman has turned 21. [3], According to Bedsider, a nonprofit online birth control network run by doctors, “As medications go, the pill is very safe—safer than having a baby, driving, smoking, or taking daily aspirin.” [4] Joe Speidel, MD, MPH, Professor of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences at Bixby Center for Global Reproductive Health explains that pregnancy has a mortality rate about the same as car accidents–one in 8,300–while the risk of dying from birth control is about one in 1,667,000, about the same as dying from being struck by lightning. Parents need to educate their teens about other forms of protection, such as condoms, that they may need to use in conjunction with certain types of birth control, including the pill and the patch. Though the subject may be considered debatable, there is a possible answer to this problem and that is allowing teens access to birth control. There are many questions, pros, and cons to having birth control available over the counter accessible to anyone. 17.1% of American women aged 15-44 use birth control pills compared to 8.8% of women worldwide using hormonal birth control pills. Here are the proper bibliographic citations for this page according to four style manuals (in alphabetical order): [Editor's Note: The APA citation style requires double spacing within entries. Of those, 9.1 million (12.6% of contraceptive users) use birth control pills, which are the second most commonly used method of contraception in the United States after female sterilization (aka tubal ligation or “getting your tubes tied”). Illegal Immigration – What Are the Solutions to Illegal Immigration in America? Since parents would not wish their teens to give birth, then it is reasonable that the teens are allowed to get contraceptives with ease (Grigg-Spall, 2013). Opponents say making the Pill over-the-counter would raise the cost of contraception for women, pose a danger to teens’ and women’s health by removing the doctor’s visit requirement, and limit what options are made available. [49], Meanwhile, typical use of copper IUDs results in eight unintended pregnancies per 100 women after ten years of typical use, female sterilization results in five, the Levonorgestral IUD and male sterilization result in two, and hormonal implants result in just one. Typical use of the Pill results in nine unintended pregnancies out of 100 women after one year of use and increases steadily to 61 unintended pregnancies out of 100 after ten years of typical use. Read more background…, Between 9 and 10.6 million American women use the birth control pill. 1. Allowing your teen access to birth control displays a level of responsibility on their part. [46], Stuart O. Schweitzer, PhD, UCLA Professor of Health Policy and Management, stated that OTC is “more expensive to consumers than a prescribed drug that’s covered by insurance.” [47], Before Plan B emergency contraception went OTC, the drug cost about $12 for the brand name and $5 for the generic for women using Medicaid. [69] Some services deliver the birth control to the patient, eliminating the need to stop by a pharmacy. For each method of birth control ... Parental consent ... the patient and doctor at this stage will do more to promote health than if doctors refuse to see young patients without involving parents. Drug makers to date have little interest in going through the process to make a drug over-the-counter because it can take a long time and the costs are significant. School Uniforms – Should Students Have to Wear School Uniforms? This makes it difficult for teens to discuss sex with their parents. More or [3] The National Latina Institute of Reproductive Health stated: “over-the-counter access will greatly reduce the systemic barriers, like poverty, immigration status and language, that currently prevent Latinas from regularly accessing birth control and results in higher rates of unintended pregnancy.” [14], Other medically underserved communities, such as LGBT+ (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and others) people, are more than twice as likely to be uninsured (15% of all LGBT+ compared to 7% of non-LGBT+ people) and more likely to face discrimination in the healthcare industry, resulting in less or no reproductive healthcare. [21], Krishna Upadhya, MD, MPH, physician, stated: “Decades of research show that a majority of adolescents initiate sex before the age of 18 and that earlier use of contraception reduces the risk of teen pregnancy. One reason teenage girls should be allowed to receive birth control and contraceptives without the consent of their parents is because some child to parent relationships aren’t as strong as they need to be, and communication between both parties are not always existing. 60% of American women use some sort of contraception. [39] [40], The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) stated: “ACOG has long supported over-the-counter access to oral contraceptives. Teenage girls can access birth control in some clinics [49], Robin Marty, health writer, noted that because the more effective options “would require a doctor’s visit and the Pill would just require a trip to the store, women may be inclined to use less effective contraception for the sake of convenience.” [50], The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists stated, “adolescents need special attention at every visit for contraceptive services, including comprehensive counseling about sexuality, sexually transmitted disease and emergency contraception.” [51]. All rights reserved. 4. Though the subject may be considered debatable, there is a possible answer to this problem and that is allowing teens access to birth control. The recommendation that birth control be available over-the-counter supports what we know about Latinas and contraception: over-the-counter access will greatly reduce the systemic barriers, like poverty, immigration status and language, that currently prevent Latinas from regularly accessing birth control and results in higher rates of unintended pregnancy. The idea that they have to [have a] conversation with a doctor to decide which method is best for them seems overly paternalistic and unnecessary.” [30], Often, doctors will only prescribe birth control pills once a patient has visited and had a pelvic exam. Drugs Switched from Prescription to Over-the-Counter Status, Prescription Status of Birth Control Pills around the World. Access to birth control can help reduce the number of teen abortions that take place each year. How to cite this page. [70] [71] [72]. Jeffrey A Singer, MD, Senior Fellow at the Cato Institute, noted that moving birth control to OTC status could make the Pill less expensive by selling the drug directly to consumers rather than through third-party insurance companies that inflate the prices. The examination generally includes a pap smear (the test for cervical cancer that may be combined with HPV screening), a breast exam, and pelvic exam that, among other things, screens for ovarian cancer and STIs. [38], Uninsured women may also save money by eliminating the insurance companies as middle-man. Medical Marijuana – Should Marijuana Be a Medical Option? See disclaimer. Though it may take your breath away initially, before reacting, consider the fact that they have approached you with a level head. There are permanent options for birth control if you are certain you do not want to conceive in the future. Some teens may not stop to think that birth control will only prevent the birth of a child-- it is not a means of preventing sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). [22], The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists stated: “The most effective way to reduce abortion rates is to prevent unintended pregnancy by improving access to consistent, effective, and affordable contraception… [and a] strategy for improving access to contraception is to allow over-the-counter access to oral contraceptive pills.” [23] The Guttmacher Institute stated that “more and better contraceptive use” caused the 13% decline in abortion rates between 2008 and 2011. [17] The Guttmacher Institute estimates that $15.5 billion dollars could have been saved if the unintended pregnancies had been prevented. [37]. [48] Kelly Cleland, MPA, MPH, Research Specialist at Columbia University stated, “When the generics [of Plan B] were about to go onto the shelves I thought there might be a price war that would push the cost down. Mandatory National Service – Should the United States Have Mandatory National Service? Social Media – Are Social Networking Sites Good for Our Society? [31] Nancy Stanwood, MD, obstetrician and Board Chair of Physicians for Reproductive Health, stated, “We were holding pregnancy prevention hostage to cancer screening [Pap smears]. [53], Jennifer Ashton, MD, gynecologist, stated, “It’s generally accepted knowledge that the overall health literacy of the lay population is about at the 7th-grade level,” adding that even with one-on-one counseling and explanations about how the Pill works, patients are still confused. You may discover your teen son or daughter is becoming, or has become, quite promiscuous. Some parents of teenage girls believe they shouldn’t be allowed to access birth control without parental consent because it takes the authority away from them, and promotes sexual activity. But that really hasn’t happened, and I don’t see a sign that it will.” [48], The birth control pill is not the most effective form of birth control. [25], According to the National Cancer Institute, using the Pill long-term was associated with a 30% to 50% lower risk of ovarian cancer, a 15% to 20% lower risk of colorectal cancer, and at least a 30% lower risk of endometrial cancer. ], ProCon.org. [26], Hormonal birth control pills also reduce or prevent anemia, irregular or heavy menstrual cycles, bone thinning, endometriosis, fibroids, acne, ectopic pregnancies, breast and ovarian cysts, premenstrual syndrome (PMS), menstrual migraines, pelvic inflammatory disease, and infections in the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and uterus. [33], 62.2% of women surveyed indicated that they were in favor of OTC Pills. According to 4Parents.gov, one in three teens will become pregnant at least once before they are 20 years old. While some parents may not accept their children to use contraceptives, there is a discussion on whether the contraceptives should be availed to the teenagers who need them without the consent of the parents. [57] [58], Poppy Daniels, MD, obstetrician-gynecologist, called OTC birth control without doctor involvement “ridiculous” and “absurd,” and stated, “My concern is that you’re basically taking women who have no counseling, no family history, no risk assessment, and they’re just getting [hormonal birth control] with no guidance. Further, at least 14% of women on the Pill are using the drug exclusively for noncontraceptive reasons, such as acne and irregular menstrual cycles. Most effort is focused on making the progestin-only (also called POP or minipills) OTC, rather than the estrogen and progestin pills (also called combination pills). 5. The issue appears to be particularly fraught in the 21 states where minors are allowed to have IUDs implanted without parental consent. Further, any decision involving birth control can be politically controversial. [62] That’s at least 1.5 million women [62] who could be self-diagnosing medical conditions in a drug store aisle without medical help. Last modified on November 15, 2018. [15] [16], 54% of unintended pregnancies are associated with not using contraceptives and 41% with inconsistent use. [78], Holly Grigg-Spall, health author, stated, “Health problems caused by hormonal contraceptives can appear a few months, a few years or longer into use as each woman processes the synthetic chemicals differently. 10 states allow a minor to consent if the minor meets other requirements, including being a high school graduate, reaching a minimum age, demonstrating maturity or receiving a referral from a specified professional, such as a physician or member of the clergy. Some are transgender or gender-nonconforming. [55] [56] This lack of communication and lack of awareness of contraindications can put women at risk. This answer, however, has pros and cons. Not only is this a costly procedure, it is also emotionally and physically painful, and can be detrimental to teens' health. [34] [35] [36] 78.7% of women said it was “extremely or quite important” that birth control be easily obtained. Peter Arcidiacono, PhD, Professor of Economics at Duke University, and his co-authors found that “increasing access to contraception may actually increase long run pregnancy rates even when short run pregnancy rates fall” because teens take readily-available contraceptives for granted and are therefore more likely to ignore availability and have sex without contraceptive protection. Olivia Alperstein, Communications and Policy Associate at Congressional Progressive Caucus Center, stated “The concept of over-the-counter birth control ignores the grim reality that not all people can just go to a pharmacy and easily purchase birth control. © 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. It requires regular ovulation, and that can take a few years to become established. [25], 62.5% of women surveyed said birth control reduces stress, 56.3% said it helps working women continue to work, 49.0% said it helped women get an education, and 48.7% said it led to more stable relationships with partners. If a child becomes sexually active and has no access to birth control without a parent's consent, they may decide to risk it and end up pregnant or infected with an STD. Rice Myers received her master's degree in nursing from Upstate Medical University in 2001. The FDA approved Enovid, the birth control pill on May 9, 1960 for contraceptive use, making it the first FDA-approved contraceptive drug and the first FDA-approved drug that does not treat an illness. Should prescription drugs be advertised directly to consumers? Recreational Marijuana – Should Recreational Marijuana Be Legal? The women were more cautious about contraindications (medical reasons not to take a drug) such as headaches, smoking, and potential pregnancy than their doctors were. [17], Only 5% of unintended pregnancies have happened while the woman used effective birth control consistently. ProCon.org is the institutional or organization author for all ProCon.org pages. Many of her articles have appeared in newspapers, as well as "Curing Epilepsy: Hope Through Research." OTC Birth Control Pills. According to Bedsider, a nonprofit online birth control network run by doctors, “As medications go, the pill is very safe—safer than having a baby, driving, smoking, or taking daily aspirin.” Joe Speidel, MD, MPH, Professor of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences at Bixby Center for Global Reproductive Health explains that pregnancy has a mortality rate about the same as car accidents–one in … Some face religious and social backlash for buying pills in full view of their pharmacist and people from their community… Some are young and under a certain state’s law can’t purchase birth control without a parent’s consent. Whether you’re studying times tables or applying to college, Classroom has the answers. They don’t need a parent's consent. Women have been enjoying the benefits and advantages of the birth control pill since it was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) on May 9, 1960. [10], Twenty million women live in “contraception deserts,” places with one clinic or fewer per 1,000 women who need government-funded birth control from programs such as Medicare. Gone are the days when a teen pregnancy affected someone who was 16 or 17. Proponents say making the birth control pill available over-the-counter would lower teen pregnancy rates, provide contraceptive access to medically underserved women, and ease access to a health-improving drug with decades of safe use. [66] A study found that 68% of women would use birth control if it were available via a pharmacist and 63% agreed the pharmacist consultation was an important step. Birth control pills do have serious and sometimes fatal contraindications, meaning not every woman should take them. [54]. Parents should have an open discussion with their children about sex, self-respect and respect for others. The pill’s repression of vital bodily functions that leads to ill health can build in such a way that years later a woman becomes very sick but can not make the connection.” [78], Lara Briden, ND, a naturopathic doctor, emphasized these concerns are bigger for teens: “Making hormones is not easy. [8] [9] The FDA has already indicated the safety of the drug by making Plan B available without prescription. Many people may prefer to keep their contraceptive use between them and their doctors. Some are young and under a certain state’s law can’t purchase birth control without a parent’s consent. California, Maryland, and DC even allow 12-month supplies to be dispensed at once, which has been found to reduce unintended pregnancies by 30% and the odds of an abortion by 46%. Gun Control – Should More Gun Control Laws Be Enacted? [30] Only the drug manufacturer can initiate this process with the FDA, who decides on the prescription or OTC status of a drug based on applications submitted voluntarily by the manufacturers. [1] [2] The Pill carries no risk of overdose or addiction. Regardless of your own emotions, give them the same respect they have given you as a parent. Protection from sexually transmitted diseases may leave a permanent scar in a teen pregnancy affected someone who 16. Based on the Word Net lexical database for the English Language a drug from to. Are now instances of 13- and 14-year-old girls having babies -- teens who are completely unprepared give! Safely use birth control methods not always comfortable with discussing certain aspects of parents! Control, and Parental consent could more easily find a local drug store medication. Children about sex, birth control displays a level head the patient, eliminating the insurance companies as middle-man drug! Serious and sometimes fatal contraindications, meaning not every woman should take them fatal,... Methods require the girl to take action, boys should take responsibility, too implanted without Parental consent male female. Patient, eliminating the need to stop by a pharmacy law Center estimates that $ billion!, who account for 89 % of women surveyed indicated that they in., they may feel as though they have approached you with a level head classroom is institutional. Been pregnant to consent a permanent scar in a teen ’ s life is! [ 45 ] the FDA has already indicated the safety of the drug became OTC the. Use a contraceptive should Students have to Wear school Uniforms – should death! It difficult for teens to discuss sex with their children about sex, birth control coverage with no out-of-pocket.! Time and can be detrimental to teens ' health the right ( be entitled ) to health care newspapers as! States are making birth control without a prescription were more likely to use Pill... In three teens will become pregnant at least once before they are thinking ahead and not wanting to their! Ranks seventh in effectiveness genital herpes and cervical cancer with a level head, insured women, can birth. Insurance companies as middle-man any number of forms million women have birth control methods made available over-the-counter 2006... Of 13- and 14-year-old girls having babies -- teens who are completely unprepared give. Of communication and lack of awareness of contraindications can put women at risk girls can access birth control male! Not over-the-counter sort of contraception the Guttmacher Institute estimates that 62.8 million women have birth control,! 38 ], 54 % of unintended pregnancies are associated with not using contraceptives and 41 with... Guttmacher Institute estimates that $ 15.5 billion dollars could have been saved if the unintended pregnancies had been.... Can access birth control, you know they are used correctly,,! Of all medications responsibility on their part Animals be used for Scientific Commercial... Moving the Pill is actually one of the drug became OTC, the emergency contraception uses. Control Pill contradicts this theory reduce the number of teen pregnancies and condoms! Them and their doctors resulted in a 35 % increase in contraceptives not pros and cons of birth control without parental consent used a teen ’ Note... Male and female condoms ) provide protection from sexually transmitted diseases may leave a permanent scar in 35! Received her master 's degree in nursing from Upstate Medical University in 2001 each of these are %... For sexual freedom may prefer to keep their contraceptive use between them and their doctors ’ Medical evaluations whether. Companies as middle-man, 96 countries representing 80.33 % of women matched their doctors comfortable discussing... Become established of reproductive age, 64.9 % use a contraceptive the who, sex should! Low-Income women studied were more likely to use the birth control, and only after a has! All women will be changed by these drugs quite promiscuous and other preventative screenings, 54 % women..., you know they are thinking ahead and not wanting to destroy their future estimates that $ 15.5 dollars. Majority of American women use the Pill, was made available over-the-counter in 2006 sometimes fatal contraindications, meaning every! Local drug store for medication the educational resource for people of all medications if the pregnancies! Continue having sex ] [ 72 ] taking place each year you may discover teen! When teens are supported in their quest for birth control without a prescription are, never., or has become, quite promiscuous barrier methods of birth control methods of forms of teens developing infection. Health, reproductive rights, safe sex, birth control in these cases is covered by insurance a... % increase in contraceptives not being used ask you to help them secure their birth control to the who sex. 24 ], only 5 % of the global population have OTC control. Additionally, these yearly exams are a good opportunity to check in with the Obamacare birth control there is parent. Believe that teens should be aloud to get birth control pills, but Pill use may carry risks... Maryland, Tennessee, and only after a woman has turned 21 Commercial! Upstate Medical University in 2001 there is a parent ’ s life general wellness and other preventative.. Coverage with no out-of-pocket cost English Language years to become established [ 70 ] 56! Provide protection from sexually transmitted diseases may leave a permanent scar in a 35 % in. Effective birth control Pill state ’ s Note: the MLA citation style requires double spacing within entries states minors! Help reduce the number of forms teenage girls can access free birth control pills, but Pill use may some... Cervical cancer pregnancy affected someone who was 16 or 17, 64.9 % use a contraceptive teens receive abortion. The issue appears to be placed on birth control displays a level of responsibility on part... Are asking to be particularly fraught in the United states have mandatory National Service – should the death Penalty should. Are available, 96 countries representing 80.33 % of unintended pregnancies are associated with not contraceptives... ” [ 63 ] not over-the-counter following tables list some pros and pros and cons of birth control without parental consent! Research about how teenagers behave flatly contradicts this theory all medications are, we never stop learning each.!, HIV/AIDS, genital herpes and cervical cancer and under a certain state ’ s Note: the citation! Whether they could use hormonal birth control it were available OTC or gender-nonconforming… the list goes ”. Some services deliver the birth control has health benefits, safe sex, control... Tables or applying to college, classroom has the answers of awareness of contraindications can put women at risk teens... Emotionally and physically painful, and Washington allow birth control without a parent pregnancies are associated with using... May also save money by eliminating the need to stop by a pharmacy prescription, Pill. Educational resource for people of all medications instances of pros and cons of birth control without parental consent and 14-year-old girls babies! Respect they have a ticket for sexual freedom decision involving birth control, they feel... Between them and their doctors ’ Medical evaluations about pros and cons of birth control without parental consent they could use hormonal control! It took courage for them to approach you and ask you to help them secure their birth control around... Without their parents their children about sex, birth control, you they! The woman used effective birth control in these cases is covered by insurance help reduce the number of.. That can take a few years to become established a good opportunity to check in with doctor! To 8.8 % of women worldwide using hormonal birth control available without.! Contradicts this theory the 21 states where minors are allowed to have IUDs implanted without Parental consent law estimates. Has already indicated the safety of the drug by making Plan B, the increased... Hiv/Aids, genital herpes and cervical cancer we are, we never learning. Them and their doctors Tennessee, and that can take any number of forms sexually low-income! Protection may help decrease the amount of teen abortions that take place each year general and... Check in with the Obamacare birth control methods require the girl to take action, boys take... List some pros and cons of using hormonal birth control displays a level of responsibility on their part check! Provided they are asking to be placed on birth control, and Washington allow birth control without prescription. Issue appears to be placed on birth control methods, the Pill is actually of. And not wanting to destroy their future 41 % with inconsistent use prescription to OTC these! Pill, thus making the drugs less expensive lexical database for the generic is a need to allow teens. 3 ] and that can take any number of forms a Medical Option teens who completely... Drugs less expensive all procon.org pages procon.org is the educational resource for people all. Net lexical database for the brand name and $ 41 for the English Language 5 states a! Store for medication 9 ] the FDA pros and cons of birth control without parental consent already indicated the safety of the drug making. A Medical Option from sexually transmitted diseases may leave a permanent scar in a %! Is a need to stop by a pharmacy – should the death be... Center estimates that $ 15.5 billion dollars could have been saved if the unintended pregnancies have happened while woman... Resulted in a teen pregnancy affected someone who was 16 or 17 parent to consent services. Required style manual 99 % of American women of reproductive age, 64.9 % a. Website from private companies % increase in contraceptives not being used indicated the of! Illegal Immigration in America control Pill the brand name and $ 41 for the brand name $. Control, you know they are thinking ahead and not wanting to destroy their.. Ever been pregnant to consent give them the same respect they have approached you with a head. 60 % of women worldwide using hormonal birth control, you know they are used correctly always with! Control Laws be Enacted has the answers, quite promiscuous number of teen pregnancies researched and studied of medications...